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             A U D I O


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Here in the Washington DC area, the fall colors are at their
peak ...

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Welcome to program 72 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in modes as noted:

  1:40 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:48 Thor 22: Auction of moon rocks from Soviet 1970 mission*
  8:56 MFSK64: NASA retires Kepler space telescope*
13:29 China steps up VPN blocks*
16:36 Images of the week*
27:54 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)

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And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram







RSID: <<2018-11-02T20:322Z THOR 22 @ 7780000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in Thor22 ...

From Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty:

Moon Rocks Collected By Soviets Expected To Fetch Up To $1
Million At Auction

31 October 2018

Sotheby's has announced that it is putting up for auction moon
rocks brought to Earth by an unmanned Soviet space mission in
1970 and expects they will sell for between $700,000 and $1

The rocks to be auctioned off in New York City on November 29 are
the only known documented samples from the moon to be legally
available for private ownership.

The rocks include basalt fragments, which are similar to Earth's
volcanic rock, as well as bits of surface debris known as
regolith. Similar samples have been dated as being as much as 3.4
billion years old.

They are being sold by an unidentified private American collector
who purchased them in 1993 from Nina Korolyova, the widow of
former Soviet space program director Sergei Pavlovich Korolyov.

The fragments range in size from about 2 x 2 millimeters to 1 x 1
millimeter. The Soviet Union presented them to Korolyova as a
gift in recognition of her late husbandís contributions to the
space program.

Sotheby's said the particles were encased under glass with a
Russian plaque designating them as soil samples from the moon.

Wealthy collectors pay huge sums for space artifacts. Last year,
Sotheby's fetched $1.8 million for a zippered bag laced with moon
dust that was used by U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong during the
first manned mission to the moon in 1969.

Most other known moon samples remain the property of the U.S. and
the Russian space programs. The Russian artifacts were obtained
by the Soviet Union via the unmanned Luna-16, Luna-20, and
Luna-24 missions.

The particles being auctioned were retrieved by Luna-16, which
drilled a hole in the moon's surface to a depth of 35 centimeters
to extract a core sample.

Image: Model of Luna 16. From ...


Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...



RSID: <<2018-11-02T20:382Z MFSK-64 @ 7780000+1500>>

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From Deutsche Welle:

NASA retires planet-hunting Kepler space telescope

The telescope that found thousands of distant worlds over
the past decade has run out of fuel. Kepler's successor has
already embarked on a mission to add to the telescope's
tally of planets that could support life.

31 October 2018

NASA on Tuesday announced the demise of its elite planet-hunting
telescope just a few months shy of its 10th anniversary.

The Kepler space telescope that found thousands of planets beyond
our solar system and boosted the search for worlds that might
support life has run out of fuel, NASA said.

The spacecraft, which is currently orbiting the sun 94 million
miles (156 million kilometers) from Earth, will drift further
from our planet when mission engineers turn off its radio
transmitters, the US space agency said.

"While this may be a sad event, we are by no means unhappy with
the performance of this marvelous machine. Kepler's
nine-and-a-half year flight was more than twice the original
target," Charlie Sobeck, project system engineer at NASA's Ames
Research Center in California, told reporters on a conference

The $700 million mission led to the discovery of more than 2,600
of the roughly 3,800 exoplanets or planets outside our solar
system that have been documented in the past two decades.

Several of them are rocky and Earth-sized in the so-called
Goldilocks or habitable zone of a star ó an orbit where
temperatures are neither too cold nor too hot, but just right for
the existence of water, which is considered a key ingredient for

"Basically, Kepler opened the gate for mankind's exploration of
the cosmos," William Borucki, Kepler's now-retired chief
investigator, told reporters.

Second life

The mission was almost over in 2013 when the telescope's
positioning system broke down. But scientists found a way to keep
it operational.

"It was like trying to detect a flea crawling across a car
headlight when the car was 100 miles away," said Borucki said.

The resurrected mission became known as K2 and yielded 350
confirmed exoplanets.

Borucki said his favorite exoplanet spotted by the telescope was
Kepler 22B, located more than 600 light years from Earth. It is a
possible "water world" the size of Earth perhaps covered with
oceans and with a water-based atmosphere.

Kepler's successor

Kepler was succeeded by NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey
Satellite, or TESS, which was launched in April.

The washing machine-sized telescope will scan almost the entire
sky for two years in the search for more worlds circling stars
beyond our solar system that could harbor life.

Tess's range of observation is 400 times larger than that of
Kepler, and unlike its predecessor, Tess will not always be
looking at the same section of the sky. It will divide the
heavens into 26 sectors. The craft will monitor each of those
sectors for 27 days.

Tess will mainly scout for planets in the Goldilocks zone of a

NASA's bigger, more powerful James Webb Space Telescope, due to
launch in another few years, will then study the most promising
candidates to find out whether they could support life.

See also:

Image: The Kepler telecope as depicted in space ...

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China Steps Up VPN Blocks Ahead of Major Trade, Internet Shows

Reuters via

30 October 2018

HONG KONG - Chinese authorities have stepped up efforts to block
virtual private networks (VPN), service providers said Tuesday in
describing a "cat-and-mouse" game with censors ahead of a major
trade expo and internet conference.

VPNs allow internet users in China, including foreign companies,
to access overseas sites that authorities bar through the
so-called Great Firewall, such as Facebook Inc and Alphabet Inc's

Since Xi Jinping became president in 2013, authorities have
sought to curb VPN use, with providers suffering periodic lags in
connectivity because of government blocks.

"This time, the Chinese government seemed to have staff on the
ground monitoring our response in real time and deploying
additional blocks," said Sunday Yokubaitis, the chief executive
of Golden Frog, the maker of the VyprVPN service.

Authorities started blocking some of its services on Sunday, he
told Reuters, although VyprVPN's service has since been restored
in China.

"Our counter measures usually work for a couple of days before
the attack profile changes and they block us again," Yokubaitis

The latest attacks were more aggressive than the "steadily
increasing blocks" the firm had experienced in the second half of
the year, he added.

The Cyberspace Administration of China did not respond
immediately to a faxed request from Reuters to seek comment.

Another provider, ExpressVPN, also acknowledged connectivity
issues on its services in China on Monday that sparked user

"There has long been a cat-and-mouse game with VPNs in China and
censors regularly change their blocking techniques," its
spokesman told Reuters.

Last year, Apple Inc dropped a number of unapproved VPN apps from
its app store in China, after Beijing adopted tighter rules.

Although fears of a blanket block on services have not
materialized, industry experts say VPN connections often face
outages around the time of major events in China.

Xi will attend a huge trade fair in Shanghai next week designed
to promote China as a global importer and calm foreign concern
about its trade practices, while the eastern town of Wuzhen hosts
the annual World Internet Conference to showcase China's vision
for internet governance.

Censors may be testing new technology that blocks VPNs more
effectively, said Lokman Tsui, who studies freedom of expression
and digital rights at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

"It could be just a wave of experiments," he said of the latest
service disruptions.

Image: VyprVPN logo ...

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This week's images ...


From our listener Mike in Washington state: "I got a new trail
camera a few weeks ago and I recently got some pictures of a
couple of black tailed bucks foraging in my back yard. They
would now and then take a break to head and antler butt,
practicing for the annual rut, which will be coming up in a
couple of weeks" ...

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An Amur leopard. From And see ...

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Large, hairy wolf spiders have lately been seen in homes around
Washington DC, but they really aren't so bad. From ...

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One of the many great photos from the Washington Post article
"Confessions of a D.C. storm chaser" -- ...

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Fall colors in Silver Spring, Maryland. From ...

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Our painting of the week is "Autumn" by Kristina Čivilytė. From ...

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Shortwave Radiogram now returns to MFSK32 ...






RSID: <<2018-11-02T20:572Z MFSK-32 @ 7780000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...

Transmission of Shortwave Radiogram is provided by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


Space Line, Bulgaria,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave



   Ending song:


   Eva Cassidy  -  Autumn Leaves         







 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

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