RSID: <<2020-02-02T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>


Graham Nash of the Hollies and later Crosby Stills Nash & Young
(and variations), was born February 2, 1942 ...

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RSID: <<2020-01-31T00:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>



Welcome to program 137 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:45 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:54 UK unveils new coin to mark Brexit*
  6:40 MFSK64: Snakes probably not source of coronavirus
  9:58 Galileo satnav system can now reply to SOS signals*
13:35 This week's images*
27:48 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)




Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram



From Deutsche Welle:

UK unveils new coin to mark Brexit

A new 50 pence piece will enter circulation in Britain on
the day it begins withdrawal from the European Union. Some
have decried the coin as divisive.

26 January 2020

The British government on Sunday unveiled a new 50 pence coin to
mark the country's departure from the European Union on January
31. The coin bears the inscription "peace, prosperity and
friendship with all nations."

"Leaving the European Union is a turning point in our history and
this coin marks the beginning of this new chapter," said Finance
Minister Sajid Javid.

The finance ministry has twice pushed back the minting of the
commemorative Brexit coins as the UK asked to delay its day of
departure in the absence of a deal or parliamentary consensus on
how to conduct the withdrawal.

About 3 million of the coins will enter circulation across
Britain starting on Friday, with a further 7 million to be added
later in the year.

A transition period where Britain and the EU will negotiate the
final terms of the divorce agreement is set to last until the end
of 2020.

Many people expressed their outrage on social media about the
government celebrating such a divisive event with a commemorative

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Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK32 ...




RSID: <<2020-01-31T00:36Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

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From Science News:

No, snakes probably aren't the source of that new coronavirus in

New research pinpoints the reptiles, but virus researchers
aren't convinced

Erin Garcia de Jesus
24 January 2020

An outbreak of a pneumonia-like virus in China has scientists
puzzling over the disease's origins and searching for animals
that may have spread it to humans. A new study points to snakes
as the culprit, but other researchers are skeptical.

It's unlikely the virus jumped from a reptile to a human, says
Edward Holmes, a virologist at the University of Sydney. "I can't
categorically say it's never happened," he says. "But the
[animal] reservoirs for human viruses are mainly mammals and
maybe birds."

Animals are often the source of human disease outbreaks. Many
recent and ongoing epidemics are zoonotic, getting their start in
animals, such as the 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak in Africa and Zika
virus that hit the Americas in 2016. (Scientists suspect bats are
behind Ebola's jump from animals to people; Zika is from nonhuman
primates.) Knowing what animals carry the virus behind the new
disease outbreak can help people protect themselves from

The current outbreak in China is caused by a coronavirus, a group
of viruses behind diseases such as the common cold, as well as
the more deadly severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, and
Middle East respiratory syndrome, or MERS.

Both SARS and MERs began in bats, then moved into another animal,
called an intermediate host, before spreading to humans. In the
case of SARS, these animals were civets, while intermediate hosts
for MERS, which continues to infect people in the Middle East,
are camels.

For the new coronavirus - currently called 2019-nCoV - scientists
don't yet know how humans contracted the disease. But a new study
published January 22 in the Journal of Medical Virology suggests
snakes might be the source.

Wei Ji, a microbiologist at Peking University Health Science
Center School of Basic Medical Sciences in Beijing, and his
colleagues analyzed codons used by 2019-nCoV. Codons, which are
trios of DNA or RNA that dictate amino acids in a protein, tend
to be similar between a virus and the animal it infects. The team
compared 2019-nCoV's codons with those in potential animal
reservoirs, including humans, chickens, bats, hedgehogs,
pangolins and two snake species.

Based on similarities between the virus's codons and those of its
potential animal hosts, "snake is the most probable wildlife
animal reservoir for the 2019-nCoV," the researchers write. Wei
and his team suggest a virus from the many-banded krait (Bungarus
multicinctus) or Chinese cobra (Naja atra) may have combined with
a bat virus and sparked the new outbreak.

But "coronaviruses tend to be found in mammals," says David
Robertson, a virologist at the University of Glasgow in Scotland.
So it's improbable the new virus came from snakes, he says.

Robertson and Holmes say that the study's data don't match its
conclusions. The genetic results seem to suggest that the virus
came from bats, not snakes, both scientists say.

Wei's team has yet to respond to e-mails from Science News
requesting comment on criticism of the study.

Researchers need to test animals sold at the market where the
outbreak began in search of closely related viruses, Holmes says.
Finding either the virus itself or antibodies against it in
animals is the gold standard for virologists to determine where
the virus behind an outbreak came from.

And pinpointing the source of the virus is a step toward
protecting people from coming into contact with more infected

"Coronaviruses are definitely in bats, and there's very probably
a mammal intermediate host [for the new virus], but we haven't
discovered that yet," Robertson says. "People shouldn't now start
killing snakes - that would be an awful thing."





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ESA's Galileo satnav system can now reply to SOS signals

David Szondy
January 26, 2020

Europe's Galileo satellite navigation system can now not only
receive, relay, and locate distress beacon signals, it can also
respond to the SOS, sending back an acknowledgement to those
awaiting rescue that their location and call for help has been
received and search and rescue services are responding. The new
function became operational during the 12th European Space
Conference in Brussels, which ran from January 21 to 22, 2020.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) have come a long way
since the US Military introduced the first, Transit, in the
1960s. The technology not only revolutionized navigation to the
point where anyone with a smartphone can pinpoint their location
with the touch of an icon, but it's also having an increasing
impact as more functions are added to that of basic navigation.

Today, there are four global satellite navigation systems and
Galileo is a key part of the Cospas-Sarsat system founded in 1979
by Canada, France, Russia, and the US, with 24 out of the 26
Galileo satellites carrying an 8-kg (18-lb) search and rescue
package next to the main antenna. According to ESA, the ability
of the Galileo satellite constellation to receive and relay SOS
signals saves up to 2,000 lives per year.

The Cospas-Sarsat, as it is currently configured, is a compromise
between the original deployment of low-Earth-orbit satellites,
which accurately pinpointed distress signals by measuring their
Doppler shift but could only see small areas, and later payloads
in geosynchronous orbit, where the system could see larger areas
but couldn't measure Doppler shifts.

However, the Galileo constellation is composed of medium-orbiting
satellites at an altitude of 23,222 km (14,429 mi) – high enough
to see large areas of the Earth's surface, but low enough to
locate an object within five minutes to within as little as a
kilometer (0.6 mi). Distress signals are relayed to Medium-Earth
Orbit Local User Terminals (MEOLUT) in the Spitsbergen Islands,
Cyprus, and the Canary Islands under the coordination of a
control center in Toulouse. The signals are then relayed to local
search and rescue authorities.

Now, the system has a "return link" function that can send an
acknowledgment back to the beacon transmitting the SOS in under a
maximum of 30 minutes and in as little as one or two minutes.

"Anyone in trouble will now receive solid confirmation, through
an indication on their activated beacon, informing them that
search and rescue services have been informed of their alert and
location," says ESA's Galileo principal search and rescue
engineer Igor Stojkovic. "For anyone in a tough situation, such
knowledge could make a big difference."

Image: From Galileo Cospas-Sarsat publicity video ...

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This week's images ...

A dragon dance prop during Chinese Lunar New Year celebrations at
the weekly car-free day at the main road in Jakarta, Indonesia,
26 January. From ...

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Camel-mounted soldiers at Raisina hill which houses India's most
important ministries and the presidential palace in New Delhi.
From ...

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A highway leading to the Reichenau island near Konstanz, southern
Germany. From ...

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"...A man rides his bike next to a car in an alley leading to the Reichenau island near Konstanz, southern Germany."




A scene from Moscow's Tushino Park. From ...

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Leaves grow from an ash-covered plant following the Taal
volcano's eruption, in Laurel, Batangas province, in the
Philippines, 20 January. From ...

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Illuminated lantern installations are displayed during the launch
of the Lightopia Festival at Chiswick House and Gardens, London,
2 January. From ...

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The ghostly moon jellyfish (Aurelia aurita) efficiently pulsates
through the ocean waters with grace and agility. From ...

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Our painting of the week is "Winter in Rural Saskatchewan" by
Suzanne Berton. From ...

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Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...



RSID: <<2020-01-31T00:57Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>



This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...

Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave



   Ending music:

  Royal Philharmonic-Orchestra   -    S.O.S.




 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]




RSID: <<2020-01-30T02:51Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

This Is A Music Show #049
30 January 2020

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz
0200-0230UTC Thursday on 7780 kHz*
0230-0300UTC Thursday on 9395 kHz*

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA
*freebie backups kindly provided by WRMI to fill empty slots ;)


1000-1100UTC Friday on 5045 kHz USB (9pm AEDT)

via Unique Radio in Gunnedah NSW, Australia



Paul Nero Sounds - This Is Soul/Soul Finger/Soul Man





Byron Lee And The Dragoneers - Ram Jam
Karl-Heinz Kästel Und Das Paul-Kuhn-Ensemble - Schuld War Nur Der Bossa Nova
Iannis Xenakis - Bohor 1 (excerpt)


- - -

- - -

- - -



King's Road - Freddie's Dead
Talking Heads - Psycho Killer
Incredible Bongo Band - Apache


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Firehouse - Tear Drops Rhythm
This Heat - Makeshift Swahili (live)
Wonderful World of Joey - What Sweet Child 'O Mine, Is This?


- - -

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Tony Curtis - Weak (Dub Version)          ♫♥


- - -












Low - Over The Ocean




Links of note:

Background story on the Casio MT40 "sleng teng" riddim (as heard on the Tony Curtis Track)

Low's Twitter: lots of band's tour packing jobs evalutated, interesting stuff:

Post-TIAMS listening recomendation: w/ Dani Elwell, Wednesdays 10pm Eastern


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:


Thanks for listening!




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