RSID: <<2020-03-01T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>



Roger Daltrey of The Who, and later a solo career, was born March
1, 1944.

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RSID: <<2020-02-28T00:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

Welcome to program 141 of Shortwave Radiogram

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott, this weekend at the Winter SWL Fest in
Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:51 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  3:06 Air New Zealand plane will monitor climate for NASA*
  8:40 MFSK64: Humans responsible for high methane emissions*
13:19 Mars InSight lander detects seismic activity
17:19 This week's images*
28:26 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)



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Twitter: @SWRadiogram


From New Atlas:

Air New Zealand plane to moonlight as aerial climate monitor for

Nick Lavars
24 February 2020

NASA and Air New Zealand have entered a first-of-a-kind agreement
that will see the carrier equip one of its Q300 aircraft with
special receivers to gather data for environmental monitoring. It
is hoped this will assist scientists in better understanding
hurricanes and tropical cyclones, but in the longer term help
track trends associated with climate change.

The initiative is part of NASA's Cyclone Global Navigation
Satellite System (CYGNSS) mission, which kicked off in 2016 and
gathers science data from GPS satellites in orbit over the
tropics to track wind speed over the ocean. It does this by using
reflectivity receivers to analyze how GPS signals bounce off a
smooth, calm ocean surface compared to choppy, wind-affected

By partnering with Air New Zealand, NASA hopes to extend these
capabilities to land areas. It says its scientists have recently
learned how the technique used by the CYGNSS satellites can also
be used to monitor things like soil moisture, flooding and other
changes in wetland and coastal environments.

"Partnering with New Zealand offers NASA and the CYGNSS team a
unique opportunity to develop these secondary capabilities over
land," says Gail Skofronick-Jackson, CYGNSS program scientist at
NASA. "Taken together over time, they'll also have an important
story to tell about the long-term impacts of climate change to
these landscapes."

The team has developed next-generation reflectivity receivers for
the project, the first of which will be mounted to one of Air New
Zealand's Q300 aircraft later this year. As the plane travels
around the country, some of its flight paths will overlap with
areas covered by the other CYGNSS satellites. In this way, some
of the data it collects will also help validate and improve on
these other observations.

The initiative makes Air New Zealand the first commercial airline
to partner with NASA for science data collection. And with a
total of 23 Q300s in its fleet, it is prepared to fit out more of
its aircraft with the receiver technology further down the track.

"As an airline, we're already seeing the impact of climate
change, with flights impacted by volatile weather and storms.
Climate change is our biggest sustainability challenge, so it's
incredible we can use our daily operations to enable this
world-leading science," said Air New Zealand Chief Operational
Integrity and Standards Officer, Captain David Morgan.


Image: An Air New Zealand Bombardier Q300 will be used for
environmental monitoring ...

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Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...



RSID: <<2020-02-28T00:38Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

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From New Atlas:

Humans responsible for much higher methane emissions than

Nick Lavars
19 February 2020

It mightn't get the attention that carbon dioxide does, but
methane is a highly potent greenhouse gas that we know to be a
powerful contributor to global warming. A new study suggests we
may have been severely underestimating how much human activity is
driving it into the atmosphere, however, uncovering evidence that
human-caused methane emissions are as much as 40 percent higher
than previously estimated.

While methane isn't nearly as abundant in the atmosphere as
carbon dioxide, it is much more effective at trapping heat,
making it more than a bit-part player in climate change. The gas
can arise from many sources, such as the fertilizer industry,
agriculture, fossil fuels and the production of oil and gas, and
new analysis from an international team of researchers indicates
we have been emitting far more than we thought.

The project, led by scientists at the University of Rochester and
involving researchers from Australia's CSIRO, involved using
advanced mass spectrometry techniques to study isotopes in air
trapped in the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets since
pre-industrial times.

More specifically, the researchers detected and counted the
carbon-14 isotope in the samples, which is absent from natural
sources of methane such as geological seepage, and could
therefore be used to distinguish between these sources and the
methane generated by human activity.

This was combined with data collected from ice core samples that
were used to track trends in methane sources over the last 200
years. This new analysis revealed that pre-industrial sources of
emissions were only a fraction of what we previously thought them
to be, at most around 10 percent of our earlier estimates.

This suggests that as we entered the industrial age things picked
up considerably, with modern, human-related sources of methane
making up a far larger portion, as much as 25 to 40 percent more,
according to the researchers, who have found a silver lining to
the new findings.

"The additional methane emissions now attributed to fossil fuel
are consistent with recent research quantifying the methane
coming from coal mines, oil and gas production, and fossil fuel
use," says Dr Etheridge. "These findings help to reduce
uncertainty and present a significant opportunity to mitigate
greenhouse gas emissions. Being a relatively short-lived gas
compared to carbon dioxide, atmospheric concentrations of methane
would respond quickly to reduced emissions."

The research was published in the journal Nature.

See also:

Image: An ice core being removed to study historic methane
emissions ...

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'Marsquakes' rock the red planet almost every day

Posted by ETH Zurich
24 February 2020

On November 26 2018, the NASA InSight lander successfully set
down on Mars in the Elysium Planitia region. Seventy Martian days
later, the mission's seismometer SEIS began recording the
planet's vibrations.

A team of researchers and engineers from ETH Zurich delivered the
SEIS control electronics and is responsible for the Marsquake
Service. The Marsquake Service is in charge for the daily
interpretation of the data transmitted from Mars, in
collaboration with the Swiss Seismological Service at ETH.

Now, a series of papers outline the results of the Insight
mission in the first months of operation on Mars.

Insight into Marsquakes

InSight recorded 174 events until the end of September 2019.
Since then, the measurements have continued leading to more than
450 observed marsquakes as of today, which researchers have not
yet analyzed in detail. This accounts for one event a day on

The data allows researchers observing how seismic waves travel
through the planet and unveiling its internal
characteristics—similar to how x-rays are used in medical

Before InSight landed, researchers had developed a wide range of
possible models to represent the internal structure of the red
planet. The recorded marsquakes enable researchers to refine
their understanding of the structure of the planet and to reduce

Marsquakes are similar to the seismic events we see on Earth,
although they are generally of smaller magnitude. The 174
registered marsquakes can be categorized in two families:

-- One includes 24 low-frequency events with magnitudes between
3 and 4, as documented in the papers, with waves propagating
through the Martian mantle.

-- A second family of marsquakes comprises 150 events with
smaller magnitudes, shallower hypocentral depth, and high
frequency waves trapped in the Martian crust.

"Marsquakes have characteristics already observed on the Moon
during the Apollo era, with a long signal duration (10 to 20
minutes) due to the scattering properties of the Martian crust,"
explains Domenico Giardini, a professor of seismology and
geodynamics at ETH Zurich.

In general, however, he says, interpreting marsquake data is very
challenging and, in most cases, it's only possible to identify
the distance but not the direction from which the waves are

A new era

InSight opens a new era for planetary seismology. The SEIS
performance exceeded so far expectations, considering the harsh
conditions on Mars, characterized by temperatures ranging from
minus 80 to 0 degrees Celsius (-112 to 32 degrees F) every day
and by strong wind oscillations. Indeed wind shakes the InSight
lander and its instrumentation during the day leading to a high
level of ambient noise. However, at sunset, the winds calm down
allowing recording of the quietest seismic data ever collected in
the solar system.

As a result, most seismic events detected on Mars by SEIS
occurred in the quiet night hours. The challenging environment
also requires to carefully distinguishing between seismic events
and signals originating from movements of the lander, other
instruments, or atmospheric-induced perturbances.

The hammering by the HP3 instrument (another InSight experiment)
and the close passage of whirlwinds (dust devils) SEIS recorded,
allow researchers to map the physical properties of the shallow
soil layers just below the station. We now know that SEIS landed
on a thin, sandy layer reaching a few meters deep, in the middle
of a 20 meter-wide ancient impact crater.

At greater depths, the Martian crust has properties comparable to
Earth's crystalline massifs but appears to be more fractured. The
propagation of the seismic waves suggest that the upper mantle
has a stronger attenuation compared to the lower mantle.

InSight landed in a rather quiet region of Mars, as no events
near the station have been recorded up to now. The three biggest
events were located in the Cerberus Fossae region about 1,500 km
(about 932 miles) away. It is a tectonic graben system, caused by
the weight of the Elysium Mons, the biggest volcano in the
Elysium Planitia area.

This provides strong evidence that seismic activity on Mars is
not only a consequence of the cooling and the shrinking of the
planet but also induced by tectonic stress. The total seismic
energy released on Mars lies between the levels of Earth and the

SEIS also meaningfully contributed data that could help
scientists better understand the meteorological processes on
Mars. The instrument's sensitivity to both wind and atmospheric
pressure allowed it to identify meteorological phenomena
characteristic of Mars, including the many dust devils that
passed by the spacecraft every afternoon.

The papers appear in Nature Geosciences.

Source: ETH Zurich

See also:


This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

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This week's images ...



The Ecuadorian Navy's BAE San Cristobal in the Galapagos Islands.
From ...

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An illuminated bridge in Jakarta, Indonesia, 17 February. From ...

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An aurora is seen in Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 18 February. From ...

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An Afghan girl juggles while training at the Mobile Mini Circus
center in Kabul. From ...

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Closeup of a swan seeking food at Pinhook Lake in South Bend,
Indiana, 21 February. From ...

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Our painting of the week is "The Radio My Father Built" by Josh
Byer. From ...

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Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...



RSID: <<2020-02-28T00:58Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...

Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:


WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

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And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave





   Ending music:

  Tomita - The Planets: Mars, The Bringer of War





 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]




RSID: <<2020-02-28T10:52Z MFSK-64 @ 5045000+1500>>

This Is A Music Show #053
20 February 2020

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz
0200-0230UTC Thursday on 7780 kHz*
0230-0300UTC Thursday on 9395 kHz*

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA
*freebie backups kindly provided by WRMI to fill empty slots ;)

Rebroadcast on Unique Radio, Australia
1000-1100UTC Friday on 5045 kHz USB



Richard Anthony - J'Irai Twister Le Blues




Michèle Richard - Sois Optimiste
Halina Kunicka - Zapamiętaj Ten Dzień          [Remember this day]
Wayne Wade - Breezin'


- - -

- - -



theredsunband - Devil Song
Mikado - Par Hasard
Lush - De-Luxe




Pierre Porte - Medium
Progaganda - The Chase          ♫♥         Typo: "Propaganda" = propaganda
Franke Smith - Double Dutch Bus


- - -



Jean-Jacques Perrey & Gilbert Sigrist - Dynamoog


- - -







Brian Eno (& Robert Fripp) - Wind On Wind




Links of note:

Wikipedia entry on "izzle" speak, as first recorded on Double Dutch Bus:


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Thanks for listening!



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5045 kHz  5850 kHz

Always filing...

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5045 kHz  5850 kHz