RSID: <<2020-03-15T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>



Mike Love of the Beach Boys was born March 15, 1941.

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RSID: <<2020-03-12T23:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

Welcome to program 143 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:45 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:49 Cargo mission brings interoperable radio system to ISS*
  9:22 MFSK64: Supercapacitors could safely power devices*
17:29 This week's images*
27:59 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)




Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram





ARISS Celebrating Successful Launch Carrying Interoperable Radio
System to ISS

10 March 2020

Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) is
celebrating the successful launch and docking of the SpaceX-20
commercial resupply mission to the International Space Station
(ISS). One payload on the flight is the ARISS Interoperable Radio
System (IORS), which ARISS calls "the foundational element of the
ARISS next-generation radio system" on the space station. Amateur
radio has been an integral component of ISS missions since 2000.
The Dragon cargo capsule docked successfully with the space
station on March 9. ARISS-US Delegate for ARRL Rosalie White,
K1STO, said hundreds of ARRL members contributed to make the IORS
project happen, and ARISS is celebrating the 4-year-long IORS

"ARISS is truly grateful to ARRL and AMSAT for their
co-sponsorship and support of ARISS since day one," White said.
"ARISS greatly appreciates the hundreds of ham radio operators
who have stood by ARISS, sending financial support and
encouragement. A robust ham station is on its way to replace the
broken radio on the ISS, and tens of thousands of hams will enjoy
strong ARISS packet and ARISS SSTV signals as a result. In
addition, thousands of students will discover and use ham radio
to talk with a ham-astronaut. We hope to see the trend continue
where more ARISS teachers and local clubs set up school ham
clubs." The new system includes a higher-power radio, an enhanced
voice repeater, updated digital packet radio (APRS), and
slow-scan television (SSTV) capabilities for both the US and
Russian space station segments.

White called the March 7 launch, "beautiful, flawless." ARRL
President Rick Roderick, K5UR, told ARISS that he had his fingers
crossed for a successful launch.

According to NASA Mission Control, it will take the three ISS
crew members up to a month to unload and stow the 4,300 pounds of
cargo on board the Dragon capsule, and the IORS is not a
priority. The actual ham equipment will be installed in the ISS
Columbus module. Another IORS unit is in line to be launched and
installed in the Russian segment of the ISS later this year.

The IORS consists of a custom-modified JVCKenwood TM-D710GA
transceiver, a multi-voltage power supply, and interconnecting
cables. The ARISS hardware team will assemble four flight units
and 10 IORS units in all to support onboard flight operations,
training, operations planning, and hardware testing.

ARISS-International Chair Frank Bauer, KA3HDO, said earlier this
year that future upgrades and enhancements to the next-generation
system are in various stages of design and development. These
include a repaired Ham Video system currently planned for
launch in mid-to-late 2020, an L-band (uplink) repeater, a
microwave "Ham Communicator," and Lunar Gateway prototype

Image: SpaceX CRS-20 Dragon cargo spacecraft arriving at the
International Space Station on 9 March ...

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Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...






RSID: <<2020-03-12T23:39Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to





From New Atlas:

High-density hybrid powercapacitors: A new frontier in the energy

Loz Blain
9 March 2020

Hybrid "power capacitors" that can store as much energy as
lithium batteries, but with much higher charge/discharge rates, a
huge range of safe operating temperatures, super-long lifespans
and no risk of explosion are already in production, says a small
Belgian company that's been testing them and selling them for
some time.

Chinese family-owned company Shenzhen Toomen New Energy is tough
to find, at least on the English-language internet, but Belgian
electronic engineer Eric Verhulst bumped into Toomen
representatives on a tiny stand at the Hannover Messe expo in
Germany back in 2018, while looking for next-gen battery
solutions for an electric mobility startup he was running.

The Toomen team made a hell of a claim, saying they'd managed to
manufacture powerful supercapacitors with the energy density of
lithium batteries. "Of course, that's an unbelievable claim,"
Verhulst told us. "It's a factor of 20 better than what, for
example, Maxwell had at the time. So I took my time, went over
there, looked at their tests, did some tests myself, and I got
convinced this is real. So at the end of 2018, we made an
agreement to become their exclusive partner."

According to Verhulst, when he and his team got these "power
capacitors" into the lab, they performed even better than they
looked on the spec sheet. He tried to break them with charge and
discharge rates up to 50C, more than double their rated capacity.
They refused to fail. He left them fully charged for months at a
time, and found them still well charged when he picked them up
again. The University of Munich tested and confirmed their
ability to handle temperatures down to -50 C (-58 F) and up to
45 C (113 F) without any heating or cooling systems.

And their energy density was extraordinary. The highest density
cells were getting between 200-260 Wh/kg, every bit the equal of
today's leading commercial lithium batteries but with a higher
charge and discharge rate, and no risk of explosion. The
power-focused variants were delivering densities of 80 and 100
Wh/kg, and were charging and discharging at 10 and 20C.

So how do they work? Well, the power capacitor cells are an odd
design sitting halfway between a regular carbon-based
supercapacitor and a lithium battery cell. Capacitors charge
statically, a little like rubbing a balloon on your jumper.
That's why they're so good at charging and discharging quickly.
Batteries use chemical reactions to store and release charge,
which makes them slower, gives them a higher energy density and
also their tendency to catch fire and explode due to dendrite

Toomen's powercapacitors have one "activated carbon" electrode
made from a variant of graphene, and the other is "based on a
lithium compound, but compared with lithium-ion, there's no
active lithium in there," according to Verhulst. "There's no
chemical reaction; the charges are stored statically, like a
supercapacitor. One electrode has some battery effect, but what
you don't have is a free flow of lithium ions floating in the
battery that can form [potentially dangerous] dendrites." There
is some electrolyte involved, but it's really just there as a
filler that allows the charges to move. It gets soaked up by the
nano-carbon electrode material, so if the cells are ruptured,
"very little or none will leak out."

There are currently two variants, one that prioritizes energy
density and the other delivering maximum power rates. The high
density cells are currently offering between 200-260 Wh/kg, with
rated power densities around 300-500 W/kg. The high power cells
are getting 80-100 Wh/kg, with power densities around 1,500 W/kg,
peaking at up to 5,000 W/kg.

"We also have a prototype pouch cell," says Verhulst, "which has
a very interesting volumetric density [more than twice the
volumetric density of the highest density cylindrical cells at up
to 973 Wh/liter]. But we need more tests to verify that it's
really working and safe, because the mechanical stability of
pouch cells is more difficult than with cylindrical cells."

To put those numbers in context, a current model commercial
ultracapacitor like the DuraBlue from Maxwell offers a much, much
lower energy density of just 8-10 Wh/kg but a sky-high power
density around 12,000-14,000 W/kg. A good lithium battery, on the
other hand, typically offers 150-250 Wh/kg and power-wise is
somewhere around the 250-350 W/kg area. So while it's clearly a
trade-off between power and energy storage, the Toomen power
capacitors certainly offer power advantages at the high density
end of the scale, and huge density advantages at the high-power
end of the scale.

This isn't the end point, either. "I'm in communication with the
Toomen team every day even now that they're all basically under
house arrest with the coronavirus quarantine," says Verhulst.
"The founder is a bit older now, but he has 200 patents under his
name. They come from the energy industry, but they're clearly
very good in chemistry. They've tested hundreds of variations
combining a supercapacitor with carbon and one lithium electrode
like you'd find in a lithium battery, and I can see through the
test reports they've had a gradual improvement in performance.
I'm pretty sure we can push it even further."

Verhulst says the high-power cells are already in production, and
his company Altreonic - Kurt.Energy is already making sales into
the automotive, energy storage and solar markets, with the key
driver being the Toomen cells' ability to work flawlessly across
such a wide range of temperatures. He's working on drawing the
investment needed to get the high-density cells into serious
volume production, and meanwhile a team at a Munich University is
evaluating the power capacitors for a possible role in deep
space, where temperatures can reach -200 C (-328 F).

Theoretically, these power capacitors could be wrapped up into a
big battery pack and used to power a long-range, super fast
charging EV. The high-power versions can charge to 75 percent in
five minutes, for example. But Verhulst doesn't believe this tech
will flood the automotive market. "You need a charger that can
handle it," he tells us. "A 10 kWh pack charged in five minutes
means you'd need a 100 kW charger. If you then go to the big
ones, say a 100 kWh battery, you'd need a megawatt charger.
That's a lot. That's a whole power station. So scalability is
still an issue.

"I'm an engineer, I'm being pragmatic. It's still too early for
everyone to go full electric. We need something better. It's
working now if you drive locally, say you do 50-80 km a day and
you plug in at home. That works today. For longer distances, if
you want to be practical, hybrids will do the job. But the point
is that if you use a hybrid, you can have a fuel consumption
maybe 90 percent lower. That's significant, but for whatever
reason, people seem to be either 100 percent for electric, or 100
percent for conventional cars. I think the practical solution for
the next 10-20 years is hybrids."

With that in mind, the power capacitors offer plenty of immediate
utility in the world of hybrid power systems, where you can use
an extra high density power source like gasoline or hydrogen to
deliver sustained power, and a power capacitor with a smaller
capacity as your high-power buffer, able to put out big power
immediately and accept high charge rates when necessary.

Some Kurt.Energy clients, for example, are building big ol' flow
batteries for energy storage. They're big and cheap and store
plenty of energy, but they don't have much of a power output. "By
making, say, a third of your capacity a power capacitor system,"
says Verhulst, "you get yourself a system that can be responsive
to dynamic loads."

As for the price? Verhulst says it's a difficult question. "We
are clearly more expensive today, because there's no volume
production. On the other hand, if you take into account that you
typically need no BMS or cooling system, and other factors like
safety and lifetime, well, if you look at say the dollars per
kilowatt per cycle, then we're cheaper. This is something you
should only buy if you want to use it for 10 years, at this
point." Apart from the high price of graphene, though, he says
there's no reason why mass production couldn't bring prices much
closer. "For the moment," he says, "it's mainly economies of

Not to mention, the lack of battery management and cooling
systems could indeed significantly boost the energy density of a
power capacitor system at the full pack or vehicle scale, simply
because you don't need to carry the weight and size of those
components. So the full potential of this system seems yet to be
unlocked. We'll keep an eye on this space!

See also:

Image: High-density hybrid power capacitors, 50 to 68 mm in
length ...

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This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to




This week's images ...

In Washington DC, the magnolias bloom earlier in the season than
the famous cherry blossoms. These are at the Smithsonian Castle
on the Mall. From ...

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The Hindu festival of Holi was celebrated 9 and 10 March. From ...

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The window of the south transept of Cologne Cathedral. Part of a
Deutsche Welle pictorial on church windows designed by artists.
From ...

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A predawn view of Detroit, as seen from across the partially
frozen Detroit River. From ...

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A drive-through COVID-19 testing site in Mishawaka, Indiana. From ...

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Our painting of the week is "Last Snow" by Delilah Smith. From ...

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Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...





RSID: <<2020-03-12T23:57Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>


This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...

Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:


WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave




   Ending music:

  Astrud Gilberto / It Might As Well As Spring




 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]


RSID: <<2020-03-12T02:49Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

This Is A Music Show #055
11 March 2020

2100-2200UTC Wednesday on 7780 kHz *NEW*
0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA



Rebroadcast on Unique Radio, Australia
1000-1100UTC Friday on 5045 kHz USB




UNIQUE RADIO - 2020-03-13:

0900-0930z  5045 kHz USB  WOR 2025 / Glenn Hauser  (recorded March 12)

0930-1000z  5045 kHz USB  HRI edition 29 June/20th July 2019

1001-1004z  5045 kHz USB  QRT / QSY ===> 3210 kHz USB

1005-1105z  3210 kHz USB  Back to Back - Classic Country / Dave Gregory     NO TIAMS !!!

1105- .............  3210 kHz USB Flash Back Oldies

TIAEMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, on 6070 kHz.

ch292  6070 kHz - 2020-03-13:

1100-1130z  6070 kHz AM  RNEI show#2           OK    RSID: <<2020-03-13T11:27Z MFSK-32 @ 6070000+1500>>

1130-1200z  6070 kHz AM  TIAEMS 03/2020     OK    RSID: <<2020-03-13T11:52Z MFSK-64 @ 6070000+1500>>    ♫♫  shoutout TIAEMS 03 / 2020 ♫♫

RNEI plays some recent pop tunes from N. Europe countries, and includes
a playlist in MFSK64 embedded in one of the songs! A 30min "express"
edition of TIAMS follows in the second half of the hour.

March 7/13/21/29 at various times. Check the schedule here:






John Coltrane Quartet - Bessie's Blues




Aim Barelli and his Swinging Melodies - Miaou
Ashton, Gardner, Dyke & Co. - Delirium
Kati Kovcs - Van J Minden Rosszban              [There is good in all bad]


- - -

- - -




Zrinko Tutić - Ne Govori O Ljubavi                     [Don't Talk About Love]
Gunter Kallmann Choir - My Cherie Amour

Bar-kays -Knucklehead


- - -



- - -



Hott City - Feelin' Love (TIAMS -8 Edit)
Sanchez - One In A Million (Version)                  ♫♥
Mr. Bloe - Sinful


- - -




Otto Luening - Gargoyles (Excerpt)









Tony Mottola and the Guitar Underground - Hey Jude


- - -



Links of note:


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:

Thanks for listening!







RSID: <<2020-03-12T02:51Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

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Repairing my newly-found but battery-damaged GE Superadio II.


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