RSID: <<2020-06-28T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 9900000+1500>>   9900 kHz !!


Chris Isaak was born June 26, 1956 ...

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RSID: <<2020-06-25T23:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

Welcome to program 158 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:41 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:46 NASA funds SETI study to seek "technosignatures"
  7:57 MFSK64: Rise and fall of automakers Dodge Brothers*
16:10 This week's images*
28:28 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)

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And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram


From New Atlas:

NASA funds SETI study to scan exoplanets for alien

Michael Irving
23 June 2020

Given just how incomprehensibly, unfathomably big the universe
is, chances are tiny that Earth is the only planet with life on
it. But how would we find others? A new NASA grant has been
awarded to aid the search for extraterrestrial intelligence
(SETI) by hunting for signs of advanced alien civilizations.

Looking for signs of life beyond Earth is something of a priority
for NASA and other space agencies. Most of the time scientists
are hunting for natural biosignatures on exoplanets, which would
be gases like methane or oxygen that could indicate life - even
as simple as microorganisms or plants - is thriving there.

But here on Earth, the most obvious signs of life aren't natural
at all. We've been pumping huge amounts of pollutants into the
atmosphere for centuries, huge swathes of the planet's surface
glitter at night with artificial lights, and we've manipulated
the terrain and put up gigantic buildings. Even the space around
the planet is increasingly clogged with satellites.

So if our civilization leaves these fingerprints - or
"technosignatures" - on our home planet, maybe others would too.
Detecting them could be a dead giveaway for alien life, and NASA
has now funded a study called "Characterizing Atmospheric
Technosignatures" that is intended to do just that.

"Technosignatures relate to signatures of advanced alien
technologies similar to, or perhaps more sophisticated than, what
we possess," says Avi Loeb, a Harvard Professor on the new
project. "Such signatures might include industrial pollution of
atmospheres, city lights, photovoltaic cells (solar panels),
megastructures, or swarms of satellites."

The team says that the study will initially focus on two of these
technosignatures: solar panels and air pollution. Solar panels,
for instance, are designed to absorb certain wavelengths of
light, while others would be reflected. That could create a
specific spectral signature that telescopes could detect when
observing exoplanets.

As for pollutants, the team would focus more on artificial gases
that don't really occur in nature. An example is
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which we once commonly used as
refrigerants and aerosols until it was discovered that they were
destroying the ozone layer.

But how can we actually look for these things around planets that
are huge distances away from Earth? The new project will
characterize what these technosignatures would actually look like
in data that will then be collected into an online library that
astrophysicists can use to identify exoplanets that may be of
interest for follow-up studies.

"Our job is to say, 'this wavelength band is where you might see
certain types of pollutants, this wavelength band is where you
would see sunlight reflected off solar panels'," says Adam Frank,
a University of Rochester Professor on the project. "This way
astronomers observing a distant exoplanet will know where and
what to look for if they're searching for technosignatures."

This is the first SETI-specific grant that NASA has awarded in
over 30 years, and the very first to search for technosignatures
other than radio waves.

Sources: Center for Astrophysics, University of Rochester



Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...





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From Deutsche Welle:

When industrial America's manufacturing legend Dodge Brothers was
stopped cold by the flu

A century ago an epidemic ended the careers of America's
brightest industrial stars. Both John and Horace Dodge died
in the aftermath of the Spanish flu. Their deaths changed
the face of Detroit automotive manufacturing.

Timothy Rooks
24 June 2020

John and Horace Dodge were inseparable in life and in death.
They were the largest makers of automotive components in the
world before founding their own car company, Dodge Brothers, in
1914. Starting from scratch, the automotive pioneers continuously
ramped up production and in 1919 they made 121,039 vehicles, a
strong second place behind Ford. Total sales for the year hit
nearly $121 million. Then suddenly it all came crashing down in
1920 when both brothers died.

Their story is the American dream of striking it rich. Yet their
stratospheric rise to the top was as surprising to them as to
everyone else. The Dodge brothers were rough, heavy-drinking men
from Niles, a small town in Michigan. John Francis was born in
1864, Horace Elgin in 1868. Their father and uncles were
machinists and they grew up tinkering in machine shops.

It was John who first moved to Detroit, then a city of 200,000,
in the winter of 1886 to work at a boiler manufacture. In the
spring he brought Horace to join him. Smart and industrious John
was earning $16.50 a week as a foreman and Horace $13.50 as a
machinist by 1890.

Starting in 1892 they worked for nine years in Windsor, which was
on the Canadian side of the Detroit River. There they toiled for
an equipment manufacturer before producing their own bicycle.
Then after gaining years of experience as machinists and managers
they were ready for something bigger.

Their own bosses

Wanting to be their own bosses, they started their own machine
shop in 1900 in Detroit. John was nearly 36 and Horace was 32.
They were confident and were not shy. An ad in the city directory
listed all the different types of work they could do, concluding
with: "in short, we are prepared to do any class of work that can
be done in a first-class modern shop."

It was no bluff and their reputation must have preceded them,
because by the end of the year they were already supplying
engines to Olds Motor Works. Six months later they were making
transmissions for the company. In February 1903 their lives
changed forever when Henry Ford asked them to make "running gear"
for his Model A.

This may not sound earth-shattering, but the running gear is the
entire automobile except the wheels, tires and body. Ford didn't
have the money to build his own factory so he needed outside
help. He could only assemble the pieces to make finished cars.
Everything that made the car move was all Dodge. On top of that,
Ford was a two-time business loser and the new Ford Motor Company
didn't even officially exist. It was a risky undertaking.

"With the Ford Motor Company habitually behind in its payments,
the Dodges agreed in June 1903 to write off overdue payments of
$7,000, extend Ford an additional $3,000 in credit (a note due in
six months), and in return receive 10% of the Ford Motor Company
stock," wrote Charles K. Hyde in "The Dodge Brothers the Men,
the Motor Car, and the Legacy." At the time there was only a
handful of shareholders and the Dodges' financial backing would
soon pay dividends.

For the next 11 years, the Dodge Brothers worked exclusively for
Ford, and John Dodge was made a vice president of the company. By
1910 they outgrew their production facilities and opened a
massive plant complex in Hamtramck, an enclave surrounded by

In 1913, they had over 2,500 employees and were the largest
supplier of parts and components in the industry. They had built
more than 500,000 vehicles, but for others while their business
was totally dependent on Henry Ford. They needed a new plan: They
were going to make their own car.

The Dodge touch

Within 18 months the brothers stopped producing for Ford,
expanded their plant, designed an entirely new car and made or
bought all the tools and machines to make it.

Dodge Brothers Motor Car Company was officially established on
July 1, 1914. It was one of 120 new makes of car introduced that
year. To create buzz they announced their new car in the Saturday
Evening Post in August. At first advertising billboards only
showed the words "Dodge Brothers." Later "Motor Car" and
"Reliable, Dependable, Sound." were added. None of it included
illustrations or details.

The hype worked. "The Dodge Brothers are the two best mechanics
in Michigan When the Dodge Bros. car comes out, there is no
question that it will be the best thing on the market for the
money," wrote the Michigan Manufacturer and Financial Record in

When a Detroit dealer got the first Dodge production car in
November 6,000 people came to see it on day one. On December 4
the first customer took delivery. The 5-passenger open touring
car was an instant hit. It had a 35-horsepower four-cylinder
engine and cost $785 compared to $490 for the Model T's 20
horsepower. It had an electric starter and a speedometer. One of
its most important features was its all-steel body, which was one
reason the car weighed over 2,000 pounds. And it came in any
color as long as it was black.

At first Dodge Brothers made everything for their new cars but
the bodies, tires, glass, lights and batteries that weighed
around 50 pounds. The mid-priced car market was crowded. Hyde
estimated that at the time "cars selling for $676-875 accounted
for only 15.5% of the market in 1915 and 19.8% in 1916, when 15
substantial manufacturers competed in that narrow price range."
Still Dodge Brothers put things into high gear and even exported
to nearly 50 countries.

A tough job

For the growing workforce it was hard work. Most employees had a
typical workweek of 10-hour days Monday through Friday and a
five-hour day on Saturday.

The huge factory complex had its own power plant and the first
dedicated test track built on the grounds. Smokestacks spewed
dirty puffs of smoke. The constant sound of machines, tools,
hammers, furnaces and cranes was sometimes deafening.

By June 1914, the company had 5,000 employees by April 1915,
over 7,000. By mid-1919 there were 17,000 men and women working
for them in Hamtramck. Besides Ford they were also the only
manufacture to hire African American workers.

Unlike some of their competition, Dodge Brothers did not make
annual model updates to spur sales. Rather than rework the
outside with cosmetic changes the company added mechanical
improvements inside. This kept down costs and made used Dodges
more valuable. To grow the business they added a wider range of
models and commercial vehicles.

Net sale went from just over $11 million for the year ending June
30, 1915 to $161 million for 1920. In that same time production
had gone from 370 vehicles in 1914 to over 145,000 in 1920.

Dodge without the brothers

As the company grew something else happened. In 1919, Henry Ford
bought their Ford Motor Company shares for $25 million. Add to
this the dividends they cashed in over those years and the Dodge
brothers made an astonishing $32 million from their initial
"investment" of $10,000 in 1903.

Despite Henry Ford taking sole credit for his company's success,
it had been a fantastic two decades. The Dodge brothers were
multimillionaires, had yachts and mansions, and ran a profitable
business making their own cars. The future looked limitless.

But the euphoria was not to last. While at the National
Automobile Show in New York City in January 1920, both John and
Horace got sick. Whether it was a flare-up of the devastating
1918 Spanish flu pandemic that killed over 50 million people or
another deadly flu strain is not clear. What is certain is that
both were diagnosed with influenza, complicated with pneumonia.
John died days later on January 14 in his hotel room. He was 55.

Horace recovered somewhat, but without his brother he seemed
lost. He was still weak and spent much of the year in Florida
while company managers stepped up. He died 11 months after his
brother on December 10. He was 52.

Most reporters pointed out that he died of complications from
influenza or sadness but his death certificate points to
cirrhosis of the liver. Whatever the case, the brains and the
heart behind Dodge Brothers were gone. Now two middle-aged
immigrant widows, Matilda Rausch and Anna Thomson, were the
unlikely owners of one of the biggest manufacturing companies in
the world.


Image: John and Horace Dodge riding in the back of their first
production model, c. 1914.

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This week's images ...

A young kingfisher in the rain along the Water of Leith,
Edinburgh, Scotland. From ...

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Noctilucent clouds before sunrise in Kent, Washington, 23 June.
From ...

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A golf course in the early morning fog, Granger, Indiana, 25
June. From ...

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A siphonophore Apolemia in deepwater off the west Australian.
From ...

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Monarch butterflies roost in an oak tree in Port Louisa National
Wildlife Refuge in Iowa. From ...

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Wildflowers in Woodstock Equestrian Special Park in Montgomery
County, Maryland. From ...

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A bird sits on a dragon sculpture at a temple during a solar
eclipse at Budai township, Chiayi county, Taiwan, 21 June. From ...

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Our painting of the week is "Mountain Landscape with Rainbow" by
Franz Marc. From ...

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Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...

RSID: <<2020-06-25T23:58Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

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Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

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    Ending music:

  Tom Petty - I Won't Back Down






 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]


RSID: <<2020-06-24T21:48Z MFSK-64 @ 7780000+1500>>

This Is A Music Show #070
24 June 2020

2100-2200UTC Wednesday on 7780 kHz
0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA

Rebroadcast on Unique Radio, Australia
1000-1100UTC Friday on 5045 or 3210 kHz USB
Check for schedule!


TIAExpressMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, on 6070 kHz.

Broadcast various dates/times. Check the schedule here:



Dave Carrol And His Orchestra - Hallelujah Gathering  (1964)

MIDOMI:   Johnny Keating & His Band



Catherine Mckinnon - Come Share The Good Times With Me
The Gentle Touch - Rain Rain Rain          ♫♥
The McCoys - You Make Me Feel So Good


- - -




The Toys - This Night
Les Newstars - Francine 
Dennis Coffey - Scorpio


- - -



Christie - Down The Mississippi Line
The Outsiders - Was It Really Real
James Last - One Day


- - -



Celi Bee And The Buzzy Bunch - One Love
Evelyn Thomas - High Energy
Lindsey Buckingham - Trouble




Stanley King - Xanadu


- - -



- - -



THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert's Red Roses For A Blue Lady (-30%)


- - -



Nanette Workman - J'y Parviens Avec Toi




Links of note:


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RSID: <<2020-06-24T21:52Z MFSK-64 @ 7780000+1500>>


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Baden Tower / Baden Hill / Southwestern Ontario