RSID: <<2021-04-29T23:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

Welcome to program 202 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:43 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:54 Climate change and the North Pole drift
  6:54 MFSK64: World's most powerful tidal turbine*
11:33 This week's images*
28:10 MFSK32: Shortwave Radiogram

* with image(s)

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram

From Science News:

Climate change may have changed the direction of the North Pole's

A mid-1990s change in pole movement coincided with increased
glacial melting

Sid Perkins
April 28, 2021

A sudden zag in which way the North Pole was drifting in the
1990s probably stemmed in large part from glacial melt caused by
climate change, a new study suggests.

The locations of Earth's geographic poles, where the planet's
axis pierces the surface, aren't fixed. Instead, they wander in
seasonal and near-annual cycles, largely driven by weather
patterns and ocean currents. But in addition to moving about in
relatively tight swirls just a few meters across, the poles drift
over time as the planet's weight distribution shifts and alters
its rotation around its axis.

Before the mid-1990s, the North Pole had been drifting toward the
western edge of Canada's Ellesmere Island. But then the pole
veered eastward by about 71 degrees toward the northeastern tip
of Greenland. It's continued to head that way, moving about 10
centimeters per year. Scientists aren't quite sure why this shift
occurred, says Suxia Liu, a hydrologist at the Institute of
Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research in Beijing.

Liu and colleagues checked how well the polar drift trends
matched data from previous studies on glacial melt worldwide. In
particular, glacier melt in Alaska, Greenland and the southern
Andes accelerated in the 1990s. The timing of that melting, as
well as the effects it would have had on Earth's mass
distribution, suggests that glacial melt induced by climate
change helped trigger the change in polar drift, the team reports
in the April 16 Geophysical Research Letters.

The team's analysis shows that while glacier melting can account
for much of the change in polar drift, it doesn't explain all of
it. So other factors must be at play. With copious irrigation,
for example, groundwater pumped from aquifers in one region can
end up in an ocean far away. Like glacial melt, water management
alone can't explain the North Pole's tack, the team reports, but
it can give the Earth's axis a substantial nudge.

The findings "reveal how much human activity can have an impact
on changes to the mass of water stored on land," says Vincent
Humphrey, a climate scientist at the University of Zurich not
involved in this study. And they show how large these mass shifts
can be, he says. "They're so big that they can change the axis of
the Earth."

Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...




RSID: <<2021-04-29T23:37Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

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From New Atlas:

Orbital launches O2, the "most powerful tidal turbine in the

Loz Blain
April 25, 2021

Scotland's Orbital Marine Power (formerly Scotrenewables) has
completed the build on what it claims will be the world's most
powerful operational tidal turbine. It's now on its way to the
Orkney Islands, where it'll have a chance to prove its worth
connected to the grid.

Solar energy is a key part of the energy mix that'll push us
towards zero carbon emissions – but lunar energy might have a
role to play too. As the moon's gravity pulls at the Earth's
surface, it heaves vast quantities of ocean water around the
globe in predictable patterns. Where this water is forced through
narrow gaps or around headlands, it speeds up, and it's possible
to harvest the kinetic energy of that mass of water using
turbines under the ocean's surface. This is called tidal power.

It's not new; people across Europe and the Middle East were
sticking water wheels on the outflow of pools that fill up with
the tides to grind corn as far back as the middle ages.

Today's biggest tidal energy projects, Korea's Sihwa Lake Tidal
Power Plant and the Rance Tidal Power Station in France, have
both been built using enormous and extremely expensive undersea
walls, or barrages. These barrage systems close sluice gates at
low tide, then open them up at high tide to take advantage of the
height differential to run turbines. They work well, but the
installation cost is stratospheric and the stifling of natural
water flow has had some negative environmental consequences.

Orbital's approach is targeted to keeping costs as low as
possible. It uses floating turbines, installed in channels that
accelerate tidal flows. These turbine platforms are moored to the
ocean floor at four points using extremely strong chains, meaning
the undersea work to install them is quick, cheap and minimal.

The turbines are joined to the main platform with huge arms, and
their giant blades can be reversed in pitch between tide cycles
to generate power whichever way the water's moving. Energy is
sent back to shore through thick undersea cables, and the
platform's arms can articulate to bring the turbines up out of
the water for simple inspection and maintenance without any scuba
gear required.

Orbital's prototype, the SR2000, was installed in 2017 with a
rated capacity of 2 MW, and generated some 3 GWh in its first
year of operation despite mainly being an R&D platform.

Now the production version is complete, and it's expected to do
significantly better. The O2 is also rated at 2 MW, with twin
20-meter (65.6-ft) rotors sweeping more than 600 square meters
(6,460 sq ft) of area below the surface, on the end of
18-meter-long (60-ft) articulating arms. The platform itself is
some 74 m (243 ft) long. The company says it "has the ability to
generate enough clean, predictable electricity to meet the demand
of around 2,000 UK homes and offset approximately 2,200 tonnes of
CO2 production per year."

As to Orbital's claim that the O2 will be the "world's most
powerful operational tidal turbine," well, that statement
probably needs some more qualifiers. Each of the Rance station's
24 turbines peak at 10 MW and average 2.375 MW over the course of
a year. Each of the Sihwa Lake installation's 10 turbines is
rated at 25.4 MW and averages 6.3 MW, producing about 55 GWh each
year toward a 550-GWh total for the facility.

So perhaps the O2 is the most powerful floating tidal turbine, or
the most powerful tidal turbine not connected to a barrage
system, but it seems to us the odd asterisk is required next to
that claim.

Either way, it'll go online for a fraction of the cost of the
US$298-million-dollar Sihwa facility. Produced entirely on land,
the O2 can simply be launched like a ship and floated out to its
location to be moored, commissioned and connected to the grid.

And cost is of the essence for green energy technologies. The
most important numbers for Orbital will be how much power the O2
generates annually, how much it costs to build and run, how much
it can sell that power for in a given market, and how long it'll
last in the corrosive undersea environment. The world can
certainly do with more predictable power sources that can operate
when the sun's not shining and the wind's not blowing – but tidal
generators will be dead in the water if the price isn't right.

Source: Orbital Marine Power

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This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

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This week's images ...

The Super Pink Moon rises above the Eiffel Tower in Paris,
April 27. ...

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Preparations for the birthday of Buddha on May 19 at the Jogye
temple in Seoul, South Korea. ...

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The art work "A Bouquet of Love I Saw in the Universe" at a
retrospective exhibition of the Japanese artist Yayoi Kusama at
the Martin Gropius Bau museum in Berlin.

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A bus is on an empty run as it comes over a hill in Frankfurt,
Germany, before sunrise on April 22. ...

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Sunrise at Knapp's Loch, near Kilmacolm, Scotland. ...

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Part of the azalea collection at the National Arboretum in
Washington DC, April 28. ...

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A tornado and rainbow are seen together in Lockett, Texas, April
23. ...

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Francis Case Memorial Bridge over the Washington Channel in
Washington DC was illuminated for Earth Day, April 22. ...

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Our painting of the week is a tulip watercolor by Joanna Szmerdt. ...

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Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...

RSID: <<2021-04-29T23:58Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...


Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave




    SWRG#202 closing song:





 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]


RSID: <<2021-04-29T02:49Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>


This Is A Music Show #113
29 April 2021

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA


TIAnExpressMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, on 6070 kHz.

Broadcast various dates/times. Check the schedule here:



The Mustang - Yellow Bird


Donnie Iris - Joking
King Curtis - Memphis Soul Stew
King Tubbys - Doctor Man Skank
The Northern Pikes - Teenland
Living Jazz- ABC
Unrelated Segments - It's Not Fair
Xavier - Love Is On The One
REM - Radio Free Europe (Original Hib-tone single)
Trinity - All Gone (VERSION)
Eloy - Floating


THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert - Candlelight Cafe


The Emotions - A Feeling Is


A big shout out to all the supporters in March/April 2021!

| DJ Marcus McB / Tom WB7EUX / / Chuck E     |
| Dana K6JQ / James K5DRU / April L                     |


Another thank you to everyone who ordered TIAMS shirts/mugs.

*****Your support helps pay for airtime!!******


TIAMS Website:

Go here for show archives + official shop!


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:


Thanks for listening!



RSID: <<2021-04-29T02:51Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

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RSID: <<2021-05-02T11:28Z PSK-500R @ 6070000+1500>>


--- Radio Northern Europe International Show #17 Playlist ---

#, Artist - Title [Country] (Spotify Streams)

1, Saint Sister - Karaoke Song 🇮🇪 (79k)
2, evvz - Staying Me 🇸🇪 (70k)
3, Jonathan Floyd - Fly 🇳🇴 (385k)
4, Alma Agger - Uundgåelig 🇩🇰 (192k)
5, Bethan Wyn - Get To Know You 🇬🇧 (2.0k)
6, Pávva - Ševnjut *sami* (3.6k)

---'s pick of the month ---
7, Hanne Mjøen - Hell With You 🇳🇴 (70k)

8, Erin - Niinku koko ajan 🇫🇮 (281k)
9, Muri - Fallin' 🇩🇰 (596k)

--- RNEIxtra - Mammas Mest Metal ---
10, Solar Sons - Worlds Unknown 🇬🇧 (-)
11, GREYFACE - Yin 🇮🇪 (11.9k)
12, Solar Sons - The Wolf 🇬🇧 (-)
13, Orochen - Drift Away 🇸🇪 (4k)

--- Stephen's Feature: Kari Rueslåtten ---
14, Kari Rueslåtten - I Månens Favn 🇳🇴 (-)
15, Kari Rueslåtten - Battle Forevermore 🇳🇴 (140k)
16, Kari Rueslåtten - Gone 🇳🇴 (22.8k)
17, Kari Rueslåtten - Sørgekåpe 🇳🇴 (56.9k)

- = No data available.

Thanks for listening and decoding!
Til vi møtes igjen,
Ha det!


<div class=Bonus>
RNEI Spotify link:<br>
<a href= target=_blank></a>



RNEI # 17    May 2021


01. Saint Sister - Karaoke Song

Northern Ireland

Where I Should End •  2021

24.03.2021 YT

- - -

02. evvz  -  Staying Me


Staying Me • 2021

02.04.2021 YT

03. Jonathan Floyd  -  Fly


Fly • 2020

14.08.2020 YT

04. Alma Agger  -  Uundgåelig


Uundgåelig • 2021

25.03.2021 YT

05. Bethan Wyn - Get To Know You


Single  •  2021

14.04.2021 YT

- - -

06. Pávva - Ševnjut     [Sámi Music (Joik)]


Single  •  2020

28.06.2020 YT

- - -

07. Hanne Mjøen - Hell With You


Hell With You • 2021

27.04.2021 YT

- - -

08. Erin - Niinku koko ajan


Niinku koko ajan • 2021

08.04.2021 YT

- - -

09. Muri  -  Fallin'


Fallin' • 2020 

19.08.2020 YT


























TX# & Day of Month





1 – Week 1 Sunday


11:00 UTC


ND        ch292

2 – Week 2 Saturday


19:00 UTC


158°      ch292

3 – Week 3 Friday


21:00 UTC


80°        ch292

4 – Week 4 Sunday


11:00 UTC


332°      ch292

5 – The Last Sunday


05:00 UTC


ND        Radio Onda

Every Thursday


01:00 UTC


315°      WRMI

Every Thursday


01:00 UTC


44°        WRMI

Every Friday


09:30 UTC



Every Saturday


09:30 UTC






RSID: <<2021-05-02T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 9925000+1500>>    (5960 kHz  ===>  9925 kHz)


Lesley Gore was born Lesley Sue Goldstein, May 2, 1946.

She died in 2015.

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