RSID: <<2021-10-28T23:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>


Welcome to program 228 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:38 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:43 Plans for commercial "business park in space"*
  9:30 MFSK64: Discovery of exoplanet in another galaxy?*
14:52 This week's images*
28:30 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)


Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram



From New Atlas:

Blue Origin and Sierra Space to build commercial "business park
in space"

By David Szondy
October 25, 2021

Blue Origin and Sierra Space have revealed plans to place a
commercially developed, owned, launched, and operated open-system
architecture space station called Orbital Reef into low-Earth
orbit between 2025 and 2030.

The retirement of the International Space Station (ISS) will
occur before 2030 and the recent discovery of cracks in some of
the oldest modules on the station highlight that this deadline is
driven less by policy and more by the structure reaching the end
of its service life. With this in mind, moves to replace the ISS
with a commercial counterpart have shifted into top gear. The
latest of these proposals comes from Blue Origin and Sierra
Space, who propose to build Orbital Reef with the help of backers
Boeing, Redwire Space, Genesis Engineering Solutions, and Arizona
State University.

The specifications of the satellite haven't been released, which
is understandable at this early stage, but details of the basics
of the program and who it will serve have been outlined. The
large-diameter core modules and the reusable heavy-lift New Glenn
launch system that will place them into orbit will be built by
Blue Origin. Meanwhile, Sierra Space will provide a Large
Integrated Flexible Environment (LIFE) module, a node module, and
a Dream Chaser spaceplane for ferrying the crew, supplies, and
payloads to and from Earth.

Boeing will develop the Science module and will handle station
operation and maintenance engineering, while the company's
Starliner crew spacecraft will also visit the platform. Redwire
Space will work on microgravity research, development, and
manufacturing as well as conducting payload operations and
deployable structures. Genesis Engineering Solutions is building
a 2001: A Space Odyssey-style space pod called the Single Person
Spacecraft for outside work and tourist excursions without the
need for a spacesuit, and Arizona State University will lead a
global consortium of universities for research advisory and
public outreach.

Once operational, Orbital Reef will be open to a wide variety of
international customers in what is described as a mixed-use
business park in space. The station will be used for research,
manufacturing, tourism, education, and other tasks, while the
partners provide space transportation and logistics, space
habitation, equipment accommodation, general operations based on
advanced automation, and station crew. The open architecture will
allow the Orbital Reef to provide module berths, vehicle ports,
utilities, and other items based on customer needs and the growth
of the market.

"For over sixty years, NASA and other space agencies have
developed orbital space flight and space habitation, setting us
up for commercial business to take off in this decade," says
Brent Sherwood, Senior Vice President of Advanced Development
Programs for Blue Origin. "We will expand access, lower the cost,
and provide all the services and amenities needed to normalize
space flight. A vibrant business ecosystem will grow in low Earth
orbit, generating new discoveries, new products, new
entertainments, and global awareness."

See also:


Image: Artist's concept of Orbital Reef ...

Sending Pic:205x110C;

Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...




RSID: <<2021-10-28T23:39Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to


From Science News:

Astronomers may have spotted the first known exoplanet in another

The planet appears to orbit a massive star circling a dead
star in the Whirlpool galaxy

By Lisa Grossman
October 25, 2021

Astronomers may have spotted the first known planet in another

The potential world, called M51-ULS-1b, orbits both a massive
star and a dead star in the Whirlpool galaxy, about 28 million
light-years from Earth. The object's existence, if confirmed,
suggests that there could be many other extragalactic exoplanets
waiting to be discovered, astronomers report October 25 in Nature

"We probably always assumed there would be planets" in other
galaxies, says astrophysicist Rosanne Di Stefano of the
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Mass.
"But to actually find something, it's a beautiful thing. It's a
humbling experience."

More than 4,800 planets have been discovered orbiting stars other
than the sun, all of them inside the Milky Way. There's no reason
to think that other galaxies don't also host planets. But the
most popular exoplanet hunting techniques are difficult to do
with such faraway stars, which blend together too much to observe
them one by one.

In 2018, Di Stefano and astrophysicist Nia Imara of the
University of California, Santa Cruz suggested searching for
planets around extragalactic X-ray binaries.

X-ray binaries usually consist of a massive star and the remains
of a second massive star, which has collapsed into a neutron star
or a black hole. The dead star steals material from the living
star and heats it to such hot temperatures that it emits bright
X-rays that stand out from the crowd of other stars.

That X-ray region can be smaller than a giant planet, meaning if
a planet crosses, or transits, in front of such a system from
astronomers' perspective on Earth, it could temporarily block all
the X-rays, revealing the planet's presence.

Di Stefano and colleagues searched archived data from NASA's
Chandra X-ray telescope for signs of blinking X-ray sources. The
team looked at a total of 2,624 possible transits in three
galaxies: M51 (the Whirlpool galaxy), M101 (the Pinwheel galaxy)
and M104 (the Sombrero galaxy).

Only one turned up a clear planetlike signal. On September 20,
2012, an object had blocked all of the X-rays from the X-ray
binary M51-ULS-1 for about three hours.

"We said, ‘Wow. Could this be it?'" Di Stefano says.

After ruling out gas clouds passing in front of the binary,
fluctuations in the X-ray source itself or other explanations for
the dip, Di Stefano and colleagues conclude that the object was
most likely a Saturn-sized planet orbiting the X-ray binary
hundreds of times the distance between Earth and the sun.

This isn't a comfortable environment for the planet. "You don't
want to be there," Di Stefano notes. Despite its distance from
the X-ray binary, the planet receives as much energy in X-rays
and ultraviolet radiation as a hot Jupiter exoplanet, which
orbits its star in just a few days, receives from an ordinary

"The possibility that the team discovered the transit of an
extragalactic planet is quite intriguing and would be a great
discovery," says astrophysicist Ignazio Pillitteri of the Italian
National Institute for Astrophysics in Palermo. He would like to
see the transit happen again to confirm it.

Not everyone finds the result convincing. "I find the paper very
speculative," says astrophysicist Matthew Bailes of the Swinburne
University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia. If the planet
is real, finding it relied on a lot of coincidences: Its orbit
needed to be perfectly aligned with the point of view from Earth,
and it needed to just happen to be passing in front of the X-ray
binary while Chandra was looking.

Di Stefano counters that the fact that her team saw a signal
within such a small number of observations suggests there are
lots of extragalactic planets out there. "Maybe we were lucky,"
she acknowledges. "But I think it's very likely that we were not
special. We looked and we found something because there was
something to find."

Di Stefano doesn't expect to see this particular planet again in
her lifetime. It could take decades for it to pass in front of
its host stars again. "The real test," she says, "is finding more

See also:

Image: The spiral-shaped Whirlpool galaxy ...

Sending Pic:198x147C;

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to





This week's images ...

A winner of the Pano Awards for photography is "Comorant
Uprising, UK" by Robert Maynard. ...

Sending Pic:229x77C;

A winner of the Pano Awards for photography is "Autumn Love Song,
Da Lat, Vietnam" by Cao Ky Nhan. ...

Sending Pic:209x125C;

Sunrise at St Mary's lighthouse in Tyne and Wear, Whitley Bay,
England. ...

Sending Pic:158x161C;

Halloween in New York City. ...

Sending Pic:159x207C;

The Chesapeake Bay Bridge near dusk. ...

Sending Pic:229x105C;

An American Kestrel at Robert Moses State Park, Long Island, New
York. ...

Sending Pic:204x132C;


Autumn colors at Westonbirt, The National Arboretum,
Gloucestershire, England. ...

Sending Pic:158x206C;

Our painting of the week is "Black cat acrylic painting" by Karen
Kaspar. ...

Sending Pic:198x196C;




Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...


RSID: <<2021-10-28T23:58Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...


Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave






    Closing music SWRG#228:

   Jay & the Americans  -  Cara, Mia     /   Come A Little Bit Closer • 1990

   Jay Black (born David Blatt; November 2, 1938 – October 22, 2021)






 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]


RSID: <<2021-10-31T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>



Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship
was born Grace Barnett Wing, October 30, 1939.

Sending Pic:202x194;

Please report your decode to




RSID: <<2021-10-31T01:53Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>

This DX Headlines contains data in MFSK64

Ham Radio has it's several "OTA's". Acronyms starting with another character where OTA stands for On The Air. Probably the first one of those was JOTA, the Jamboree On The Air, which is a yearly combined effort of the
worldwide Scouting youth organisation and the Ham Radio community where scouts are allowed to take place behind a amateur radio microphone to exchange scouting topics with other scouts over the world.

Another one of those, from more recent years, sounds the same, but is something different YOTA, starting with a "WHY". Youngsters On The Air or Youth On The Air.

And then there is the hugely popular SOTA, being Summits On The Air, where amateurs activate summits of hills or mountains, using portable off-the-grid equipment. Activating here means being active preferably as thé first
amateur from a certain summit. There is also a POTA, Parks On The Air. and there are several other lesser familiar "OTA's".

A few weeks ago, on an old fashioned IRC chat channel that I run on an old Raspberry Pi, I made a few jokes about starting a NOTA, meaning Nerds On The Air, which I repeated later on social media. Much to my surprise the
ham's mostly were not very impressed, but I was contacted by several nerds having an interest in ham radio or at least in the technology. So now I question myself: should I move this forward? For all radio amateurs,
considering themselves being a nerd, and for all those nerds that are interested in or who already are a radio amateur. We already have a motto too: We don´t do activitating things.... we do nerdy things!

So a few days ago, I started a still rudimental website for it being:

I don't say this often, but on social media you can reach me on the Mastodon platform which is whisky oscar killo killo alpha -dot- bravo echo, under one of my call signs PA0ETE.

I will also put this in the MFSK64 data in this DX Headlines that will follow now

My IRC channel (it is a mainly Dutch channel, but everyone there also writes English, so don't be afraid!). Server: Channel: #dailyminutes


Nerds On the Air (still rudimental):


Region 1 version of YOTA:

Region 2 and 3 version of YOTA:



RSID: <<2021-10-28T02:46Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

This Is A Music Show #139
28 October 2021

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA


TIAnExpressMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, mainly on 6070 kHz.

Broadcast various dates/times/freqs. Check the schedule here:



The Shaggs - It's Halloween


Bauhaus - Bela Legosi's Dead
Vincent Price - Spirits, Demons, Unseen Forces
Roy Payne - Captured By A UFO


The Flirtations - Nothin' But A Heartache
Candi Staton - Count On Me


Lee Van Cliff And Devon Perkins - Bam Salute VERSION
The Revolutionaries - 45 Magnum


Ian Anderson - Fly By Night


THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert - Cherokee


Propaganda - La Carne, La Morte E Il Diavolo


TIAMS Website:

Go here for show archives + official shop!


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:


Thanks for listening!



RSID: <<2021-10-28T02:48Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>


Sending Pic:300x300Cp4;



The Shaggs - It's Halloween


Bauhaus - Bela Legosi's Dead
Vincent Price - Spirits, Demons, Unseen Forces
Roy Payne - Captured By A UFO


 - - -



- - -

The Flirtations - Nothin' But A Heartache
Candi Staton - Count On Me


Lee Van Cliff And Devon Perkins - Bam Salute VERSION
The Revolutionaries - 45 Magnum

- - -

- - -



Ian Anderson - Fly By Night


THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert - Cherokee

- - -


Propaganda - La Carne, La Morte E Il Diavolo