RSID: <<2021-12-03T00:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

Welcome to program 233 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:39 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:43 Developing a liquid radio antenna
  6:05 MFSK64: Battery-powered trains could be viable*
  9:42 This week's images*
28:36 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)

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From TechXplore:

Developing a liquid radio antenna

by David Bradley, Inderscience
November 29, 2021

Solid, metal antennae have been the standard in a wide range of
technologies for decades, including a wide variety of radio
communications and scanning such as radar. However, research into
the concept of liquid antennae was discussed in the 1990s. A
liquid antenna would comprise a lightweight and perhaps
collapsible container that could be erected into the appropriate
shape and filled with a suitable liquid. Water, saltwater, ionic
liquids, and other substances have been investigated over the

New work in the International Journal of Ultra Wideband
Communications and Systems offers a novel design of a conical
structure for a liquid antenna that can operate effectively
across a wide frequency range. The antenna is compact and cost
effective the team reports as well as offering a simple way to
reconfigure it for different applications, something that is not
easy with a solid metal antenna. Conical antennae are usually the
form required for radio-frequency broadcast.

S. Roopa and E. Kiran Kumar of the Siddaganga Institute of
Technology Tumakuru, in Karnataka, India, have demonstrated proof
of principle for their new type of liquid antenna using pure
water, seawater, and glycerin as the liquid component. The device
can achieve voltage standing wave ratio of 1 to 2 over a
frequency range of 300 to 850 megahertz, the team reports. They
add that the gain achieved in experimental results was 2 dBi,
which is comparable with their simulations in which the gain is
around 1.9 dBi. The operating frequency is adjusted by changing
the height of liquid within the cone.

The team concludes that their proposed antenna is simple, low
cost, and covers a wide range of frequencies, which can be tuned
easily. The radio emission from the antenna is omnidirectional
and the fact that it is transparent gives it an additional
attractive design feature for the development of wireless
applications. In addition, the antenna is 30 to 40 percent
shorter than its equivalent metal antenna.


Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...




RSID: <<2021-12-03T00:36Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

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From TechXplore:

Researchers suggest battery-powered trains could very soon be
economically viable

by Bob Yirka
November 26, 2021

A small team of researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National
Laboratory and the University of California has found that
battery-powered trains could become economical as soon as 2023.
In their paper published in the journal Nature Energy, the group
argues that improved battery technology and cheap, renewable
energy could soon allow battery power to compete with diesel fuel
to power trains. Federico Zenith with NTNU, Trondheim, has
published a News & Views piece in the same journal issue
outlining the reasons for converting trains to battery power and
gives an overview of the work done by the team on this new

Trains, as Zenith notes, haul approximately 40 percent of
intercity freight in the U.S., and sending things by train is
cheaper than using trucks. Most of the freight trains in the U.S.
run on diesel fuel, he states, spewing approximately 0.6 percent
of total U.S. carbon emissions. In this new effort, the
researchers suggest that switching to battery power could prevent
these emissions.

Electric trains in the U.S. get their power from overhead lines—a
system that is expensive and inefficient. The team suggests that
batteries could provide a better option; more specifically, they
claim that a single locomotive equipped with a 14-megawatt
battery system would be sufficient to replace a train powered by
a diesel engine. They further claim that such a locomotive could
carry a train approximately 240 kilometers on a single charge.
This would consume half the energy of a diesel-powered train. And
if the battery is charged using a renewable resource, it would
reduce the carbon footprint of an electric train to zero.

The researchers note that most current diesel locomotives
actually run on electricity—the diesel is used to power onboard
generators. Thus, all that would be needed for most locomotives
would be to replace the generators and add a dedicated boxcar
just behind the locomotive to carry a large battery. Adding more
dedicated boxcars with batteries would increase the range of the
train. The batteries, they further note, could be charged at
designated stops, provided fast-chargers for such large batteries
are developed. As an alternative, battery-carrying boxcars could
be swapped out for fresh ones at designated stops, dramatically
reducing wait times. The researchers acknowledge that at least
for the near future, operating costs would be somewhat higher for
battery-powered trains, but they suggest the environmental
improvements would make it worth it.

See also:

Image: Battery-tender cars are modular and can be deployed in
different configurations to locations experiencing power outages
as well as to other sectors, such as to for electrifying ships

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This week's images ...

A Canadian Pacific freight train at Morant's Curve in Banff
National Park, Alberta, November 29. ...

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A water drop hangs from a berry in a garden outside Moscow,
November 20. ...

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Battersea power station in London is lit up at night. ...

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Britain's Prince Charles speaks with Barbados President-elect
Sandra Mason as he arrives in Bridgetown take part in events to
mark the Caribbean island's transition to a republic. ...

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Leicester City's Luke Thomas in action with Watford's Ozan Tufan
as snow falls during their Premier League match in Leicester,
England. ...

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In Scotland, a blackbird munching on some red berries. ...

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The Shambles, York, England, a winner of the Historic
Photographer of the Year Awards 2021. ...

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Lingering fall colors at the National Zoo in Washington DC,
November 28. ...

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The Kennedy Center in Washington DC is illuminated to celebrate
its 44th Honorees: Justino Díaz, Berry Gordy, Lorne Michaels,
Bette Midler and Joni Mitchell. ...

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A Hanukkah celebration in Loveland, Colorado, December 1. ...

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This week's painting is "St. Paul's Bay, Malta" by Edward Lear. ...

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Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...

RSID: <<2021-12-03T00:58Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

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I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave






   Closing music SWRG#233:

   Joanne Shenandoah - Dancing on Mother Earth





 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]



RSID: <<2021-12-05T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>


Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys was born December 4, 1944.

He died in 1983.

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RSID: <<2021-12-02T02:50Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>


This Is A Music Show #143
02 December 2021

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA


TIAnExpressMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, mainly on 6070 kHz.

Broadcast various dates/times/freqs. Check the schedule here:



Egyptian Combo - Rockin' Little Egypt


Les Yper Sound - Psyché Rock
Sam The Sham - Banned In Boston
Blue Cheer - Just A Little Bit (45 Mono)


Byron Lee And The Dragoneers - Nice Time
The Glass House - Crumbs Off The Table
Dennis Coffey And The Detroit Guitar Band - Can You Feel It


Rossetta Howard - Ebony Rhapsody
Yellow Man And Fat Head - Rat Dub
Jerome Richardson - Groove Merchant


Richie Knight And THe Mid-Knights - Homework
2 + 2 - Music To Think By


Mr. Goon Boones And Barney Lantz - MonkeyShines


THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert - Just As Much As Ever


The Three Suns - Twilight Time


TIAMS Website:

Go here for show archives + official shop!


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:


Thanks for listening!





RSID: <<2021-12-02T02:51Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

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Breakin' the law
Breakin' the law
Breakin' the law

-Judas Priest






  RSID: <<2021-12-05T12:27Z MFSK-64 @ 6070000+1500>>

  --- RNEI Show #24 Jul special Playlist ---
  # Artist-Title flag (Spotify Streams)

  1, The sPlayers feat. Murdrocks, Herman Dahl, Isabelle Eriksen, Agnetesh & Stina Talling - Nå er det jul 🇳🇴 (9.0m)
  2, Petra Marklund - Pengar 🇸🇪 (173k)
  3, ABREU - Jouluyö, juhlayõ 🇫🇮 (667k)
  4, Lea Heart - You Make It Feel Like Christmas 🇮🇪 (151k)


  5, Julia-Maria - Luna Moon 🇮🇪 (<1k)
  6, Órla Fallon - In Dulci Jubilo 🇮🇪 (111k)
  7, ELYSS - Die With Me 🇩🇰 (8.4k)
  8, Daði Freyr – Something Magical 🇮🇸 (183k)
  9, Boyzvoice - Let Me Be Your Father X-Mas (DJ Advento Remix) 🇳🇴 (57k)

  God Jul!
  Til vi møtes igjen,
  Ha det!





RSID: <<2021-12-05T12:52Z MFSK-64 @ 6070000+1500>>



This Is An Express Music Show
December 2021

Channel 292 on 6070 kHz



Dick Hyman - Someday My Prince Will Come


Richie Knight And The Mid-Knights - Homework
Les Yper Sound - Psyché Rock
Cold Blood - Watch Your Step
Blue Cheer - Just A Little Bit (45 Mono)
Winston Dias - Groovie Situation


THIS DATA - Bert Kaempfert - Bert's Tune


Annie Laurie - Worried Blues


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:



Thanks for listening!




RSID: <<2021-12-05T12:54Z MFSK-64 @ 6070000+1500>>



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