RSID: <<2022-01-21T00:35Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

Welcome to program 240 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:38 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:45 MFSK32: Funds for Florida Everglades restoration*
  8:48 MFSK64: Tonga volcano's lessons for world telecom
12:54 MFSK64: This week's images*
27:43 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)

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And visit

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From South Florida Sun Sentinel via

Biden administration announces more than $1 billion for
Everglades restoration

by David Fleshler
January 19, 2022

A historic increase in Everglades funding was announced Wednesday
by the Biden administration, with a plan to spend an
unprecedented $1.1 billion to restore South Florida's famous

"The Administration is making the largest single investment in
the Everglades in U.S. history," the White House said in a
statement Wednesday. "The iconic American landscape provides
drinking water supply for over 8 million Floridians, supports the
state's $90 billion tourism economy, and is home to dozens of
endangered or threatened species."

The funding will go through the Army Corps of Engineers as part
of the administration's package of infrastructure spending that's
intended to shore up roads, bridges, ports and other public

The restoration of the Everglades involves dozens of projects
intended to restore, or at least mimic, the natural flow of clean
water through the sawgrass, tree islands and wet prairies west of
metro South Florida. About half of the 40-mile wide, 100-mile
long region has been lost to farms and urban development. Much of
the rest suffers from insufficient clean water, thanks to
diversions through canals, and in some areas, from too much

The restoration plan calls for removing levees, filling in
canals, storing fresh water and other projects that will allow
the Everglades to thrive and improve habitat for wading birds,
alligators, panthers and other wildlife.

"Through President Biden's Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, the
Army Corps will invest $1.1 billion to restore, protect, and
preserve the South Florida ecosystem and increase its resilience
to the impacts of climate change," the White House said. "These
funds will support improvements to the Everglades by capturing
and storing excess surface water runoff, reducing excess water
releases to water conservation areas, and minimizing seepage
losses during dry periods."

The consequences of the human impact on the Everglades show up
across South Florida in countless ways, from toxic algae blooms
to wildfires to vastly diminished flocks of wading birds.
Approved in 2000, the Everglades restoration plan has ballooned
in cost and fallen years behind schedule. The state and federal
governments are splitting the cost of the restoration work.

"The Everglades is the lifeblood of South Florida, and this
historic funding commitment by the Biden administration will
ensure we can much more aggressively move to restore and protect
the natural sheet flow of water that is the largest environmental
restoration project in American history," said U.S. Rep. Debbie
Wasserman Schultz, D-Weston, co-chair of the House Everglades

Image: A scene in the Everglades ...

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Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...



RSID: <<2022-01-21T00:42Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to






From The Conversation via TechXplore:

The Tonga volcanic eruption reveals the vulnerabilities in our
global telecommunication system

by Dale Dominey-Howes
JanuarY 17, 2022

Tonga is connected to the rest of the world via a global network
of submarine cables. Credit: Author provided

In the wake of a violent volcanic eruption in Tonga, much of the
communication with residents on the islands remains at a
standstill. In our modern, highly-connected world, more than 95%
of global data transfer occurs along fiber-optic cables that
criss-cross through the world's oceans.

Breakage or interruption to this critical infrastructure can have
catastrophic local, regional and even global consequences. This
is exactly what has happened in Tonga following Saturday's
volcano-tsunami disaster. But this isn't the first time a natural
disaster has cut off critical submarine cables, and it won't be
the last.

Around the planet, more than 885,000 kilometers of cable has been
laid down since 1989. These cables cluster in narrow corridors
and pass between so-called critical "choke points" which leave
them vulnerable to a number of natural hazards including volcanic
eruptions, underwater landslides, earthquakes and tsunamis.

What exactly has happened in Tonga?

Tonga was only connected to the global submarine
telecommunication network in the last decade. Its islands have
been heavily reliant on this system as it is more stable than
other technologies such as satellite and fixed infrastructure.

The situation in Tonga right now is still fluid, and certain
details have yet to be confirmed - but it seems one or more
volcanic processes (such as the tsunami, submarine landslide or
other underwater currents) have snapped the 872km long
fiber-optic cable connecting Tonga to the rest of the world. The
cable system was not switched off or disconnected by the

This has had a massive impact. Tongans living in Australia and
New Zealand can't contact their loved ones to check on them. It
has also made it difficult for Tongan government officials and
emergency services to communicate with each other, and for local
communities to determine aid and recovery needs.

Telecommunications are down, as are regular internet
functions - and outages keep disrupting online services, making
things worse. Tonga is particularly vulnerable to this type of
disruption as there is only one cable connecting the capital
Nuku'alofa to Fiji, which is more than 800km away. No
inter-island cables exist.

Risks to submarine cables elsewhere

The events in Tonga once again highlight how fragile the global
undersea cable network is and how quickly it can go offline. In
2009, I coauthored a study detailing the vulnerabilities of the
submarine telecommunications network to a variety of natural
hazard processes. And nothing has changed since then.

Cables are laid in the shortest (that means cheapest) distance
between two points on the Earth's surface. They also have to be
laid along particular geographic locations that allow easy
placement, which is why many cables are clustered in choke

Some good examples of choke points include the Hawaiian islands,
the Suez Canal, Guam and the Sunda Strait in Indonesia.
Inconveniently, these are also locations where major natural
hazards tend to occur.

Once damaged it can takes days to weeks (or even longer) to
repair broken cables, depending on the cable's depth and how
easily accessible it is. At times of crisis, such outages make it
much harder for governments, emergency services and charities to
engage in recovery efforts.

Many of these undersea cables pass close to or directly over
active volcanoes, regions impacted by tropical cyclones and/or
active earthquake zones.

In many ways, Australia is also very vulnerable (as is New
Zealand and the rest of the world) since we are connected to the
global cable network by a very small number of connection points,
from just Sydney and Perth.

In regards to Sydney and the eastern seaboard of Australia, we
know large underwater landslides have occurred off the coast of
Sydney in the past. Future events could damage the critical
portion of the network which links to us.

How do we manage risk going forward?

Given the vulnerability of the network, the first step to
mitigating risk is to undertake research to quantify and evaluate
the actual risk to submarine cables in particular places on the
ocean floors and to different types of natural hazards. For
example, tropical cyclones (hurricanes/typhoons) occur regularly,
but other disaster such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
happen less often.

Currently, there is little publicly available data on the risk to
the global submarine cable network. Once we know which cables are
vulnerable, and to what sorts of hazards, we can then develop
plans to reduce risk.

At the same time, governments and the telecommunication companies
should find ways to diversify the way we communicate, such as by
using more satellite-based systems and other technologies.



This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to




This week's images ...

Roger in Germany suggests this image to indicate any multipath
we might experience this weekend ...

Sending Pic:198x131C;









Ducklings huddle together at the 106th Pennsylvania Farm Show in
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, January 12. ...

Sending Pic:198x126C;


A male yellow pygmy goby guarding fertilized eggs near Anilao,
Batangas, Philippines. ...

Sending Pic:204x125C;





A person sits on a bench alongside the River Thames near Windsor
Castle during sunrise in Datchet, England. ...

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Snow in the Klingle Valley in Washington DC, January 16. ...

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Astrophotograph of the Wolf Moon on January 18. ...

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Grand Haven State Park in Michigan, on Lake Michigan, where it
was 9C/15F on January 25. ...

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Our painting of the week is "Uzbek," by Vasily Rozhdestvensky,
from the RFE/RL pictorial, "Digitizing Uzbekistan's Desert Art." ...

Sending Pic:157x208C;

Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...


RSID: <<2022-01-21T01:01Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>


This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...


Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave



RSID: <<2022-01-21T01:02Z THOR 22 @ 9265000+1500>>

Thank you for tuning in and decoding Shortwave Radiogram program 240.



   Closing music SWRG#240:

   Dusty Springfield - The Windmills of Your Mind Dusty In Memphis 1968









 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]



RSID: <<2022-01-23T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>

Sam Cooke was born January 22, 1931.

He died in 1964.


Sending Pic:178x255;

Please report your decode to





RSID: <<2022-01-20T02:51Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

This Is A Music Show #150
20 January 2022

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA


TIAnExpressMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, mainly on 6070 kHz.

Broadcast various dates/times/freqs. Check the schedule here:



Orquesta EGREM - Siboney


Terry Baxter And His Orchestra - Whole Lotta Love
Elevator To Hell - My Fog
Bloodrock - Life Blood


Gaven Dianda - Telescopic Vision
Okara - Interference
Neil Young - Change Your Mind (Edit)
(related to "Records" doc -->


High Time Players - Steady Balance VERSION
Stranger Cole And Chalawa - Bawl


Amazonki - Motyle (Butterflies)


THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert - Mason Dixon Line


Colosseum - Downhill And Shadows


TIAMS Website:

Go here for show archives + official shop!


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:


Thanks for listening!



RSID: <<2022-01-20T02:53Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

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