RSID: <<2022-03-31T23:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

Welcome to program 250 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:34 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:42 MFSK32: Solar Orbiter probe new image of Sun's corona*
  7:33 MFSK64: First step towards genuine plastic recycling
11:24 MFSK64: This week's images*
28:23 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)




Please send reception reports to

And visit

We're on Twitter now: @SWRadiogram



From New Atlas:

Solar Orbiter probe snaps the sharpest ever image of the Sun's

Nick Lavars
March 24, 2022

Since launching in February of 2020, the Solar Orbiter probe has
been zeroing in on the Sun with a suite of instruments designed
to unravel some of its secrets. Among those is an advanced
ultraviolet imager, which mission control has now used to capture
the highest-resolution image ever of the Sun's outer atmosphere.

The incredibly detailed new image was captured by the Extreme
Ultraviolet Imager aboard NASA and the ESA's Solar Orbiter, which
shoots at the wavelength required to image the Sun's outer
atmosphere, or corona, where temperatures sit at around one
million °C (1.8 million °F).

The spacecraft was around 75 million km (46 million miles) away
from the Sun on March 7 when it captured this sharp new view,
taking 25 individual images over the course of four hours to
create the final mosaic. This resulting image features more than
83 million pixels in a 9,148 x 9,112 pixel grid, which is a
resolution around 10 times that of a 4K TV.

At the same time, the probe's Spectral Imaging of the Coronal
Environment (SPICE) instrument was used to image the Sun in the
wavelength of ultraviolet light emitted by different atoms. This
enables it to peer beneath the corona and take the Sun's
temperature at a layer known as the chromosphere.

The purple depicts hydrogen gas at 10,000°C, blue depicts carbon
at 32,000°C, green depicts oxygen at 320,000°C, and yellow
depicts neon at 630,000°C. These kinds of insights will help
scientists understand how temperature rises through the
atmospheric layers of the Sun, which counterintuitively is much
higher at the corona than it is at the surface (around 5,000 °C).

Source: ESA

A close-up from Solar Orbiter's record-breaking 83 million pixel
image of the Sun ...

Sending Pic:207x135C;

Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...







RSID: <<2022-03-31T23:37Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to



Team takes key step toward truly recycling plastic

Researchers have successfully broken plastic into its
molecular building blocks and recovered over 90% of them.

Posted by Peter Rüegg
March 28th, 2022

It's a first step towards genuine plastic recycling.

The chemical industry has a long tradition of producing polymers.
This involves turning small molecular building blocks into long
chains of molecules that bond together. Polymers are the basis of
all kinds of everyday plastics, such as PET and polyurethane.

However, while the formation of polymers is well established and
well researched, scientists have given little attention to how
polymer chains are broken down (a process called
depolymerization) to recover their individual building blocks,
called monomers.

Breaking down polymers is a complex process. Whether a polymer
can be broken back down at all into its constituent parts depends
on which of the different polymer manufacturing processes created
it. In addition, the depolymerization processes used so far
require a lot of energy, which has made them too expensive. And,
recycled polymers are usually only used to make low-value

Athina Anastasaki, professor of polymeric materials at ETH
Zurich, wants to change this. Her goal is producing polymers that
can be easily broken down into their building blocks so that they
can be fully recycled.

Anastasaki has taken a first step in this direction: A study by
her group appears in the Journal of the American Chemical
Society. In it, Anastasaki and her colleagues show that they can
break down certain polymers into their basic building
blocks—monomers—and recycle them for use in materials for further

The polymers broken down are polymethacrylates (e.g. Plexiglass)
that were produced using a specific polymerization technique
called reversible addition-fragmentation chain-transfer
polymerization, otherwise known as RAFT. This relatively new
method, which is now also attracting the interest of industry,
produces polymer chains of uniform length.

The researchers have succeeded in recovering up to 92% of the
building blocks of polymethacrylates without adding a catalyst
that would enable or accelerate the reaction.

"Our method could conceivably be developed even further to
involve the use of a catalyst. This could increase the amount
recovered even more," says Anastasaki.

The chemical group present at the end of a polymer chain is
crucial for the polymer's breakdown. By heating the polymer
solvent mixture to 120°C, the researchers created what are
referred to as "radicals" at the end of a polymethacrylate chain,
which triggered the depolymerization. Researchers at the
Australian National University in Canberra confirmed the results

According to Anastasaki, the building blocks recovered in this
way can produce the same polymer or a completely different
product—an insoluble hydrogel that can also be broken down into
its monomers. The newly created products are of similar quality
to the original ones. This is in contrast to previous products
made from recycled polymers.

But there is a catch: "Products made with RAFT polymerization are
more expensive than conventional polymers," says Anastasaki. To
address this drawback, she and her group are working to expand
the method for large-scale use, which will make it more
competitive and the resulting products cheaper. The researchers
also aim to increase the amount retrieved and to recover all the
building blocks of a polymer.

Anastasaki is also researching whether other polymers can be
depolymerized. She is particularly interested in polystyrene, a
widespread, low-cost plastic that has many everyday uses, such as

Even if this new method raises hopes of solving humankind's
plastic waste problem, Anastasaki dismisses the idea for the time
being. There is no quick fix to the problem. "It will take a lot
of time and research before the process is established in the
chemical industry," she says. Nor will the method get rid of
plastic waste: today's polymers cannot be broken down in this
way. Some new, suitable polymers have to come into circulation
before their building blocks can be recovered. But the method has
one advantage: its introduction and use require no new chemical

"We are only at the beginning of our research into
depolymerization. There are over 30,000 studies on developing new
polymerization strategies, with only a handful of them addressing
the subject of monomer recovery," says Anastasaki.

Source: ETH Zurich

See also:



This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to





This week's images ...


Our propagation indicator is six circles in six colors. ...

Sending Pic:212x119C;




The moon rises behind the buildings of the banking district in
Frankfurt. ...

Sending Pic:142x201C;




Watching the Mediterranean sea in Barcelona. ...

Sending Pic:241x89C;

A stork nests at the LIPU Stork Center in Racconigi, Italy, on
March 24. ...

Sending Pic:300x200;



A tea plantation in Hezhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,
China, March 19. ...

Sending Pic:157x205C;



Lanterns at a temple in Seoul in preparation for the upcoming
birthday of Buddha. ...

Sending Pic:195x165C;




Raindrops on the shiny surface of a blue metal bin. ...

Sending Pic:204x150C;



Eilean Donan Castle in Scotland lit up in the colours of the
Ukraine flag. ...

Sending Pic:194x184C;


A black and white warbler at the Quintana Neotropical Bird
Sanctuary in South East Texas. ...

Sending Pic:208x127C;





Our painting of the week is "Weasels Playing" (1911) by Franz
Marc. ...

Sending Pic:139x212C;


Shortwave Radiogram returns to MSFK32 ...





RSID: <<2022-03-312T23:58Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...


Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave





   Closing music SWRG#250:

   Червона калина (песня)




 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]




RSID: <<2022-04-03T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>

Jan Berry of Jan and Dean was born April 3, 1941.

He died in 2004.

Sending Pic:250x143;




Please report your decode to







RSID: <<2022-04-03T01:48Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>


Short Article About being Pedestrian Mobile on HF

Written especially for this broadcast.

Last months I got involve in pedestrian mobile on HF. Last week I had my first experiences, not as far as having made a QSO, but I do have my equipment running, with a suitable antenna for the job.

I have been into QRP for as long as I have been a ham radio operator and before. This included working with only 10 mW on 27 MHz before being a ham.

I never work on bands below 30 MHz with more than 5W. I do work mostly from home, in CW. But for several years I became to admire people on youtube working SSB on a simple telescopic antenna using a counterpo

This must have been done since the early days were over, and you could assemple a kind of a man pack. I have seen photo's of that, but what really hooked me into this was seeing video's for example on Youtube
with Mizuho hand helds that were on sale during the eighties with output powers between 300 mW and 2 watts.

For several years I have been looking for suitable equipment. I would prefer to be able to take my transceiver with me as much as I can. But for that it has to have two very distinct properties: 1. it must be
fairly small, and 2. it must nog be expensive. With that last property fulfulled it is no problem to have my transceiver in my back pack with some groceries or other stuff on top of it, and if it get's
damaged or lost, it can be easily replaced.

My FT-817 surely doensn't fulfil number two. And for several years I wasn't able to buy an item that was suitable. All cheap transceivers for many years were only CW, and I wanted to be able to also have
sideband, for the real 'walkie talkie' experience so to say.

Two years ago I bout a Xiegu G1M G-CORE. Which is much smaller than the FT-817, and surely much lighter. It is also more limited in what it can. But above all it cost me only 230 dollars in euro's, and that
included shipment and taxes. The rig has 7 to 8 watts on 80m/40m/20m and 15 m SSB and CW.

But I have been busy last two years. Quite recently I also bought an official (tr)uSDX, which is a project by DL2MAN and PE1NNZ (beware if you buy one to buy the better approved versions that are mentioned on

That rig is small. Really small. It has between 4 and 5W, works 80/60/40/30/20m, also SSB and CW. And it even has a PTT switch and a built in microphone!

So early this year I started building, and since last week I have two configurations working: one is with the Xiegu, whicht involves a hand mike and the tranceiver carried in a shoulder bag. The second
configuration has the (tr)uSDX with only the battery unit in the shoulder bag. In both cases I use the well-known "Toy Box" antenna by Comet.

Pedestrian mobile has one huge advantage over working at home: it is quite easy to go as far from the city that the the bands are free of man-made QRM again.

Both transceivers I mentioned I consider quite marvellous. Especially the (tr)uSDX is something I have never seen before. Receiver is really good especially considering it's simple setup. And the radio as a
whole, in spite of being only 3.5" x 2.3" x 1.2" (9 x 6 x 3 cm), is very complete in what it does and has a crazy low energy use.

I hope to make my first pedestrian mobile QSO in phone, one of the following days, most probably on 20 meters. Antenna is of the loaded coil type, 47 inches long with counterpoise...

73s Peter John, PA6E

de k






RSID: <<2022-03-31T02:51Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>


This Is A Music Show #159
31 March 2022

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA


TIAnExpressMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, mainly on 6070 kHz.

Broadcast various dates/times/freqs. Check the schedule here:



Quincy Jones And His Orchestra - Rico Vacilon


Deodato - Black Dog
Ragni Rado MacDermot - One Thousand Year Old Man
Loadstone - Time


Wilbert Longmire - Give It Up Or Turnit Loose
Shirley Ellis - The Nitty Gritty
Ramones - Baby, I Love You


Bo Hansson - Black Riders/Flight To The Ford
Bill Perkins Quintet - Groover Wailin'


Jane Siberry - Mimi On The Beach


THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert - Main Theme From "A Man Could Get Killed"


Marianne Faithfull - As Tears Go By


TIAMS Website:

Go here for show archives + official shop!


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:


Thanks for listening!








RSID: <<2022-03-31T02:53Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

Sending Pic:300x300Cp4;





RSID: <<2022-04-03T11:55Z MFSK-64 @ 6070000+1500>>


This Is An Express Music Show
April 2022



Bobby Blossom And The Montego Bay Street People - Persuader


Yatchs - In A Second
Loadstone - Time
The Dramatics - What You See Is What You Get
Bobby Hutcherson - A Night In Barcelona
Almont Reid - Sugar Pt.2


THIS DATA - Bert Kaempfert - Sweet And Gentle


The Royal Jokers - You Came Along


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:



Thanks for listening!





RSID: <<2022-04-03T11:27Z MFSK-64 @ 6070000+1500>>

  --- RNEI #28 Playlist ---
  [flag] & (Spotify Streams)
  1, Natasja - Dig Og Mig 🇩🇰 (840k)
  2, Elias O - Dansa 🇸🇪 (75k)
  3, Malka - Maita ja mantuja 🇫🇮 (179k)
  4, Pixey - Supersonic Love 🇬🇧 (31k)
  5, Mathias Gundhus - Wooden Bones 🇳🇴 (19k)
  6, Marlae - Think Out Loud 🇮🇪 (10k)
  7, Daniel Oliver - First, Pop 🇮🇸 (13.4k)
  8, Elin - Kåven - Ulda niktá / Ulda allures *Sámi* (17k)
  9, Arild Aas & Adren - Left Behind 🇳🇴 (8.7k)

  Our email:

  Til vi møtes igjen,
  Ha det!