RSID: <<2022-12-16T00:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>


Welcome to program 283 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:33 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:40 MFSK32: New Zealand enacts generational ban on tobacco
  7:00 MFSK64: Mistletoe is a nutrient-stealing parasite*
13:04 MFSK64: This week's images*
27:32 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)



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We're on Twitter now: @SWRadiogram

From New Atlas:

New Zealand enacts world-first generational ban on tobacco

By Loz Blain
December 13, 2022

In a world first, the New Zealand government has passed laws that
will permanently outlaw the sale of cigarettes and other tobacco
products to anyone born after 2008, creating a "smokefree
generation" that will never legally be able to buy tobacco.

The Smokefree Environments and Regulated Products (Smoked
Tobacco) Amendment Bill makes some major changes to New Zealand's
tobacco legislation. Firstly, it comes into force at the
beginning of 2023, and immediately restricts the nicotine content
of all smoked tobacco products to a "non-addictive" level of 0.8
mg per gram of tobacco – about 20 times less than the "normal
nicotine cigarettes" level of 15.8 mg/g described in this 2019

Secondly, it gives regulators 12 months to eliminate 90% of the
country's licensed tobacco retailers, leaving only 600 points of
sale in the country by the end of 2023.

But most notably, it also creates a rolling age limit for smokers
that will prevent anyone under the age of 14 on New Year's Day
from ever being able to buy tobacco legally on NZ soil. Anyone
who sells, delivers, or even arranges for the delivery of smoked
tobacco products to this "smokefree generation" faces fines up to
NZ$150,000 (US$96,700). Even giving a cigarette to somebody in
this group in public becomes an offense with fines up to
NZ$50,000 (US$32,200).

New Zealand's national smoking rate has already halved in the
last 10 years, down to 8% – less than half of a global smoking
rate around 22.3%. According to the World Health Organisation,
tobacco is "one of the biggest public health threats the world
has ever faced." It eventually kills up to half the people that
use it, at a rate over 7 million people annually – and it kills
another 1.2 million non-smokers a year, simply through exposure
to second-hand smoke. Smoking rates have dropped in most
high-income countries to the point where more than 80% of global
smokers now live in low- and middle-income countries.

"This legislation accelerates progress towards a smokefree
future," said NZ Associate Health Minister Dr Ayesha Verrall in a
press statement. "Thousands of people will live longer, healthier
lives and the health system will be $5 billion better off from
not needing to treat the illnesses caused by smoking, such as
numerous types of cancer, heart attacks, strokes, amputations ...
We've done well as a country to get to this point, but there is
more to do."

See also:

Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...

RSID: <<2022-12-16T00:37Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

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Despite its romantic reputation, mistletoe is a nutrient-stealing

by Susan Himes, Texas A&M University
December 13, 2022

Mistletoe may be a welcome holiday sight when hung over a doorway
if a loved one is near. But it can be an unwelcome intruder when
found in your trees, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension
Service horticulturist.

"Mistletoe is a hemiparasite - a semi-parasitic plant," said
Allison Watkins, AgriLife Extension horticulturist for Tom Green
County. "It makes its food from photosynthesis, but the roots
grow into the host tree, sucking water and minerals out from the

In other words, you likely do not want to see mistletoe growing
on your favorite shade tree or prized ornamental. However,
mistletoe can survive as long as the tree it inhabits. So, some
mistletoe alive today may still be around in 100 years.

One type of mistletoe you commonly see used as decoration over
the holidays is in the family Phoradendron, which appropriately
translates to "thief of the tree" in Greek. Mistletoe has been
used across various cultures throughout history for everything
from warding off demons from entering a doorway to protecting
babies from being stolen from their cribs in the night by

Although mistletoe is called the kissing plant, its name may have
originated from Old English for the words for twig and dung.
How's that to get you in the romantic holiday spirit?

The issues with mistletoe

Mistletoe causes tree stress and can make a tree more susceptible
to diseases and insects, Watkins said. Although unlikely to kill
a healthy tree, it can cause limbs to die. It can be especially
hard on a tree during drought.

Mistletoe easily spreads as birds eat the berries and then spread
the seed from limb to limb and tree to tree through their feces.
The seeds are exceptionally sticky and may also hitchhike on
their feet and beaks.

Certain species of mistletoe can also shoot out their own seeds
at speeds around 60 mph once the berry bursts like an overfilled
water balloon.

Some mistletoe is poisonous, so it is always wise to use care
when handling the plant. Different parts of the plant and
different species have varying levels of toxicity. And while
birds and wildlife eat the berries, it isn't something you want
your family members, including pets, to ingest.

How to identify mistletoe in nature

Mistletoe is most easily spotted in winter when many of the host
trees lose their leaves to reveal clusters of the evergreen
mistletoe. The spherical shape can be as large as several feet

Since birds like to perch in the tops of high trees, mistletoe is
most often found in mature trees near the crown. A tree branch
may be enlarged where the plant has attached itself.

In Texas, the type of mistletoe you'll find on trees typically
has white berries in clusters. Although we mostly find mistletoe
in our region on deciduous trees, like oak and mesquite, the
plant's 1,000-plus species around the world have adapted to
survive on everything from cacti to pines.

A friend to forests, pollinators and woodland creatures

Mistletoe plays a key role in many woodland and range ecosystems.
For example, its white flowers provide nectar and pollen for
native bees and honeybees. There are also several types of
butterflies and moths that rely solely on mistletoe species as
host plants for their caterpillars.

"Birds aren't the only animals that munch on mistletoe - squirrels
will also eat the berries, and deer and porcupines will eat the
plant itself, especially if other food is scarce," said Maureen
Frank, Ph.D., AgriLife Extension wildlife specialist, Uvalde.

Many animals nest in clumps of mistletoe, especially when the
plant causes its host tree to form witches' brooms, which are
dense masses of distorted branches, Frank said. Mistletoe and the
corresponding witches' brooms are used for shelter by tree
squirrels, flying squirrels and a variety of birds, from tiny
chickadees to raptors like Cooper's hawks.

The damage done to trees by mistletoe can also provide homes for
cavity-nesting species of birds, bats, insects and small mammals.

Should you remove your mistletoe?

"Even if you remove mistletoe from a tree, the root-like
structure remains embedded in the tree, meaning it will grow
back," Watkins said.

Although no herbicide can kill mistletoe without harming the
tree, one plant growth regulator called ethephon, Florel Fruit
Eliminator, is registered in the U.S. to control the growth of
mistletoe on deciduous trees, she said.

The only way to eliminate mistletoe from a tree is to prune the
branch it is on. If you feel like your tree is becoming
overwhelmed with the parasite, keep in mind that mistletoe takes
two to three years to mature so the sooner you can remove the
infected branch, then the better you minimize spread. And the
smaller the branch that must be removed, then the less stress on
the tree.

"In most well-maintained landscapes, there may be mistletoe here
or there but it's probably not something to worry about too
much," Watkins said.

The stress from over-pruning could be more damaging than the
mistletoe itself, she said. Watkins said to keep these tips in
mind if you do decide to prune:

Light pruning can be done any time of the year, but more
significant pruning is best done in the winter when the tree
is dormant.

Prune no more than one-third of a tree's canopy.

Dead branches can be removed at any time.

To avoid spreading oak wilt, oak trees should not be pruned
from February to June. December and January are the ideal
time to prune oaks.

Paint the cuts to protect the tree.

Provided by Texas A&M University


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This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

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This week's images ...

The Christmas tree in downtown Wakarusa, Indiana (population
2000). ...

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"Northern Quetzal." This image shot near Dyrhólaey, Iceland, is
included in the Northern Lights Photographer of the Year
collection. ...

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A taxi passes through Ginza on a rainy night in Tokyo. ...

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A huge Christmas-themed light screen in Shenzhen City, Guangdong,
China. ...

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A paddleboarder in the sea mist at sunrise in Avon Beach,
England. ...

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A snowy late evening walk through Millwall Dock in London. ...

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Evening light on a Glasgow street. ...

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Our painting of the week is "Ari's Christmas Birthday" by Ariel
McClearin. ...

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Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...


RSID: <<2022-12-16T00:57Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>


This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...


Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

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I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave






   Closing music SWRG#283:

   Celtic Vision  - Wexford Carol [Inst.]  |  Celtic Christmas Instrumental • 2018




 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]



RSID: <<2022-12-18T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>


Paul Rodgers of Bad Company etc was born Paul Bernard Rodgers,
December 17, 1949.

Sending Pic:168x238;

Please report your decode to




RSID: <<2022-12-15T02:51Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>



This Is A Music Show #190
08 December 2022

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA


TIAnExpressMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, mainly on 6070 kHz.

Broadcast various dates/times/freqs. Check the schedule here:



青山ヨシオとクール・ラティーノス - NEC ソング      (Yoshio Aoyama and Cool Latinos - NEC Song)

Willy And His Giants - Ajone, Ajone
Les Players - Drums Song
Jimmy Osmond - ちっちゃな恋人                              (little lover)


Annie - DJ In My Life
Jackie Chan - I Love You, You, You
小田和正, 財津和夫, 松任谷由実 - 今だから      (Kazumasa Oda, Kazuo Zaitsu, Yumi Matsutoya - Now's the time)


Trío Los Panchos - Perfidia
One Four One - So Nice - Chorus
Funky Bureau - Disco Jack (Instrumental)


Füreasteen - Kasiotelemusik


THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert - Skokiaan


Sil Austin - Greensleeves


TIAMS Website:

Go here for show archives + official shop!


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:


Thanks for listening!




RSID: <<2022-12-15T02:50Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

Sending Pic:300x300Cp4;


ömsö         Recording 15770 kHz         Recording 3955 kHz       









RNEI 36 Playlist, December 2022 - for 🌴 WRMI 🌴   (Spotify Stream numbers included) 






YT date


1. Miss Li – Hälsa Gud 🇸🇪 (3.5m) 2022-10-27
2. Dermot Kennedy - Driving Home for Christmas 🇮🇪 (125k)

- - -

3. KUUMAA - Edelleen Sua 🇫🇮 (815k) 2022-10-13
4. Klara Elias - Desember 🇮🇸 (11k) 2022-11-16
5. Nicklas Sahl - Quit Sugar        ('s) 🇩🇰 (108k) 2022-10-28
6. Sofia Karlsson - Så Mörk Är Natten I Midvintertid 🇸🇪 (2.1m) 2014-11-08
7. Karine Polwart - Merry Xmas Everybody 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 (22k) 2013-12-17
8. AURORA - Stjernestøv 🇳🇴 (12.2m) 2020-11-23
9. JCY & Minus Manus - Walking In The Air 🇳🇴 (772k) 2020-11-11
Mamma's Mest Magisk
10. Ásgeir - Limitless 🇮🇸 (433k) 2022-08-11
11. Joe Holtaway - Please Call Me by My True Names 🇬🇧 (1076)

- - -

12. DØSSI & dePresno – Wildflower 🇳🇴 (87.6k) 2022-05-05
13. Daniel Herskedal & Emilie Nicolas - Free 🇳🇴 (131k) 2022-05-12
  Stephen's Feature on Inuk 🇬🇱          
14. Inuk - Aniguma 🇬🇱 (<1k)

- - -

15. Inuk - Ikinngut 🇬🇱 (<1k)

- - -

16. Inuk - Saperlugu 🇬🇱 (28.8k) 2021-10-29
17. Inuk - Ajorsartitaasoq 🇬🇱 (54k) 2021-10-29




  RSID: <<2022-12-15T13:28Z PSK-500R @ 15770000+1500>>

  - RNEI 36 -
  01 Miss Li–Hälsa Gud 🇸🇪
  02 Dermot Kennedy-Driving Home for Christmas 🇮🇪
  03 KUUMAA-Edelleen Sua 🇫🇮
  04 Klara Elias-Desember 🇮🇸
  05 Nicklas Sahl-Quit Sugar 🇩🇰
  06 Sofia Karlsson-Så Mörk Är Natten I Midvintertid 🇸🇪
  07 Karine Polwart-Merry Xmas Everybody 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿
  08 AURORA-Stjernestøv 🇳🇴
  09 JCY&Minus Manus-Walking In The Air 🇳🇴
  Ha en god jul!