set MyFiles=*.flac *.fla *.wav *.aif *.mp4 *.mp3 *.mp2 *.aac *.ogg *.m4a
for %%a in (%MyFiles%) do ffmpeg -i "%%a" -y -lavfi showspectrumpic=s=1920x1080:color=fiery:gain=.7:fscale=lin:orientation=0:saturation=1:mode=combined:legend=enabled:start=0:stop=8000 "%%~na.jpg"





RSID: <<2024-04-11T23:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>

Welcome to program 349 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:45 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:52 MFSK32: Faulty chip may be clue to Voyager 1 computer fix
  5:42 MFSK64: Seafood waste isn't as bad as previously thought
  9:17 MFSK64: This week's images
28:40 MFSK32: Closing announcements

Please send reception reports to

And visit

We're on X/Twitter now: @SWRadiogram

From New Atlas:

Faulty chip may be clue to Voyager 1 computer fix

By David Szondy
April 9, 2024

NASA engineers have narrowed down the problem with the Voyager 1
deep space probe to a single faulty chip. It may now be possible
to work around the corrupted memory and return the 47-year old
interstellar spacecraft to an operational condition.

Since November, NASA has been trying to repair the Voyager 1
probe, which has been sending back gibberish instead of science
and engineering data. It's hard enough trying to fix a piece of
technology that dates back to the time of paper tape memories.
It's downright frustrating when it's over 15 billion miles (24
billion km) from Earth and it takes two days to get a reply to
any signals sent to it.

Then came the breakthrough on March 1, when one of a long string
of commands was sent trying to get a response from Voyager 1. Two
days later, a string of gibberish came back to Mission Control,
only it was different gibberish that one engineer at NASA's Deep
Space Network recognized and was able to decode.

This turned out to be a dump of the onboard computer's complete
memory that gave NASA engineers vital clues to the problem and
the hope of solving it. It was already known that the trouble was
in the Flight Data Subsystem (FDS), which controls packaging data
for transmission to Earth. Now, the fault has been narrowed down
to a particular chip that may have failed due to old age or being
struck by a cosmic ray particle.

It's now hoped that sometime in the coming weeks or months a way
might be found to bypass the chip. If so, then Voyager 1 can
return to work until its nuclear power source fails completely
sometime in the next few years.

Source: NASA


Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...



RSID: <<2024-04-11T23:35Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to




Seafood waste isn't as bad as previously thought

April 10th, 2024
Posted by University of Florida

A new study shows seafood food loss and waste in the United
States is approximately 22.7%, a drastic decrease from previous
estimates of between 43% and 47%.

The study, conducted in part by researchers from the University
of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS,)
provides an in-depth estimate of food loss and food waste in the
US aquatic foods sectors. Previous estimates came from the Food
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

"The method is the same, but the data are more detailed," says
Frank Asche, professor in the School of Forest, Fisheries, and
Geomatics Sciences and a corresponding author of the study.

"The key is not the differences between the different countries,
but to account for the differences of the species being consumed,
and the parts of the fish are not being exported but are still
being used."

Approximately 80% of seafood consumed in the United States is

The researchers conducted interviews and collected secondary data
across the United States, Vietnam, Norway, and other primary
producers of seafood consumed in the United States. Looking at a
four-year period from 2014-2018, they estimated food loss and
waste for the top 10 fish species consumed in this country:
shrimp, canned tuna, salmon, Alaska Pollock, tilapia, catfish,
crab, cod, clams, and pangasius, a type of shark catfish native
to Southeast Asia. Previous studies neglected to account for
species and supply chain characteristics.

Beyond providing an overall estimate, researchers identified
where food loss and waste took place in the supply-chain process.
Most happened in the primary production and the final consumption
stages. When it comes to increasing sustainability and food
security, the researchers believe this knowledge helps identify
which areas of the supply chain may be targeted to reduce waste.

"Reducing waste is about more than just harvesting the right
number of fish," says James Anderson, a UF/IFAS food and resource
economics professor and corresponding author of the study. "It's
about harvesting them well and minimizing waste. It's about not
losing quality and quantity in the process."

Aquaculture, or farmed fish, now accounts for about 50% of edible
seafood production globally, and there are opportunities to
improve its resilience from factors such as disease, poor water
quality, and possible pesticide contamination.

"Aquaculture is still in its infancy, so investing in things that
improve its efficiency and reduce losses is reducing waste,"
Anderson says.

The study also evaluated quality loss, a crucial factor in
determining and minimizing food waste. Unlike the physical loss
of a product, quality loss occurs when lower-quality products are
sold for a discounted price, though the product can still able be

The study's findings go beyond providing hope that food security
is better in the aquatic foods industry than previously believed,
according to the researchers. It also offers insight into methods
for further reducing loss, both through regulation and consumer

Most seafood in the United States is purchased at the retail
level and consumed at home, according to the study. Relying on
food diaries, the researchers estimated a physical seafood loss
rate of 8.5% at home. The most common reasons recorded were "did
not want it as leftovers" at 18%, "bought too much" at 16%, and
disinterest due to slimy appearance and odors at 6%.

Consumers' "relatively low proficiency" with handling, storing,
and preparing seafood may lead them to prematurely discard it,
according to the study.

The full article appears in NatureFood.

Kim's note: Here in Arlington, Virginia, we have green carts
used for weekly collection of "food scraps, which range from the
remnants of fruits and vegetables to that of dairy and meats,
bones included. Even greasy pizza boxes and paper napkins
qualify." So any wasted seafood joins the other food scraps to
make very rich mulch.

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to


This week's images ...

Crabapple blossoms with visitors in Handan, Hebei province, China. ...

Sending Pic:202x152C;

This volcano near Grindavik, Iceland, has been erupting since
December. ...

Sending Pic:199x139C;






The early partial eclipse, with trees in foreground, iPhone
through eclipse glasses, Vienna, Virginia, April 8. ...

Sending Pic:201x132C;




A "huge watch party" hosted by the George Mason University
College of Science in Fairfax, Virginia, saw an 88% eclipse. ...

Sending Pic:198x151C;

An airplane passes in front of the total solar eclipse during a
viewing event at Indiana University's Memorial Stadium in
Bloomington, April 8. ...

Sending Pic:301x263;

A Christie's employee in Paris adjusts the 1760 painting Le melon
entamé by Jean Siméon Chardin. The painting is due to be
auctioned on 12 June. ...

Sending Pic:210x133C;







Tulips and grape hyacinth in Lafayette Square, with the White
House in the background. ...

Sending Pic:216x127C;

One of the spring blooms along the trails at Mount Diablo State
Park, California, April 6. ...

Sending Pic:153x194C;

A Chinese lantern flower at the Jacksonville (Florida) Arboretum
& Botanical Gardens. ...

Sending Pic:157x200C;

The Union Canal tunnel south of Roughcastle, Scotland,
 decoratively illuminated. ...

Sending Pic:210x133C;

Our painting of the week is "The Red House" (1927) by Carlo Carra
(Italian, 1881-1966). ...

Sending Pic:153x211C;

Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...


RSID: <<2024-04-11T23:58Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>


This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...

Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave


     SWRG#349 closing song:







 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR on Windows 11      [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +      HDSDR 2.81 beta6   - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.1.26        +   flmsg-4.0.20                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 Mirosoft Windows 11 Home

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 ASUS S501MD (since 2023) [i7-12700 12th Gen. 12 x 2100 MHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since 2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2600 MHz) ]


























RSID: <<2024-04-12T11:30Z MFSK-64 @ 15770000+1500>>


Lowell George of Little Feat was born on April 13, 1945.
He died in 1979.

Sending Pic:185x240;

Please report your decode to



<<2024-04-12T11:50Z MFSK-64 @ 15770000+1500>>
This is the next episode in our series about free radio and offshore radio stations
The claimed first wireless broadcast of music and speech for the purpose of entertainment was transmitted from a Royal Navy craft, HMS Andromeda, in 1907.
The broadcast was organized by a Lieutenant Quentin Crauford using the callsign QFP while the ship was anchored off Chatham in the Thames Estuary, England.
However, the majority of offshore broadcasters have been unlicensed stations using seaborne broadcasting as a means to circumvent national broadcasting regulations, for example the

practice has been used by broadcasting organizations like the Voice of America as a means of circumventing national broadcasting regulations of other nations.
Unlicensed offshore commercial stations have operated off the coasts of Belgium, Denmark, Israel, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, The United Kingdom, Yugoslavia and the United States.
By the late 1920s, the "UK government concluded that radio was such a powerful means of mass communication that it would have to be in state control", and gave the publicly funded BBC a monopoly on broadcasting.
Because of rigid governmental controls and programming mostly consisting of serious music and highbrow issues, much of the UK population began to turn to radio stations from abroad, such as Radio Lyon, Radio Normandy, Radio Athlone, Radio Mediterranee and Radio Luxembourg, especially on Sundays, when the BBC did not carry any entertainment programmes. However, English-speaking broadcast hours were limited and parts of the UK were unable to receive most stations properly during the daytime.
The earliest attempt to establish an offshore broadcaster in England occurred in 1928, when Associated Newspapers (owners of the Daily Mail) acquired the yacht Ceto and installed radio equipment. Unfortunately, the apparatus could not operate properly on board, the signal being heavily affected by the climate conditions.
The transmitter was then replaced by Siemens loudspeakers and the Ceto toured England "broadcasting" gramophone records interspersed by advertising.
de  k



Dies ist die nächste Folge unserer Serie über Freies Radio und Offshore-Radiosender
Die angeblich erste drahtlose Übertragung von Musik und Sprache zu Unterhaltungszwecken wurde 1907 von einem Schiff der Royal Navy, der HMS Andromeda, ausgestrahlt.
Die Sendung wurde von Leutnant Quentin Crauford unter dem Rufzeichen QFP organisiert, während das Schiff vor Chatham in der Themse-Mündung in England ankerte.
Bei den meisten Offshore-Sendern handelte es sich jedoch um nicht lizenzierte Stationen, die den Rundfunk auf See als Mittel zur Umgehung der nationalen Rundfunkvorschriften nutzten.

Diese Praxis wurde beispielsweise von Rundfunkorganisationen wie der Voice of America als Mittel zur Umgehung der nationalen Rundfunkvorschriften anderer Länder eingesetzt.
Nicht lizenzierte kommerzielle Offshore-Sender wurden vor den Küsten Belgiens, Dänemarks, Israels, der Niederlande, Neuseelands, Schwedens, des Vereinigten Königreichs, Jugoslawiens

und der Vereinigten Staaten betrieben.
In den späten 1920er Jahren kam die britische Regierung zu dem Schluss, dass das Radio ein so mächtiges Mittel der Massenkommunikation sei, dass es unter staatlicher Kontrolle stehen

müsse, und übertrug der staatlich finanzierten BBC das Sendemonopol.
Aufgrund der strengen staatlichen Kontrollen und des Programms, das zumeist aus ernster Musik und anspruchsvollen Themen bestand, wandte sich ein Großteil der britischen Bevölkerung ausländischen Radiosendern wie Radio Lyon, Radio Normandie, Radio Athlone, Radio Mediterranee und Radio Luxemburg zu, insbesondere sonntags, wenn die BBC keine Unterhaltungsprogramme ausstrahlte. Die englischsprachigen Sendezeiten waren jedoch begrenzt, und in Teilen des Vereinigten Königreichs konnten die meisten Sender tagsüber nicht richtig empfangen werden.
Der erste Versuch, einen Auslandssender in England zu etablieren, fand 1928 statt, als Associated Newspapers (Eigentümer der Daily Mail) die Jacht Ceto erwarb und eine Radioausrüstung installierte. Leider konnte das Gerät an Bord nicht richtig funktionieren, da das Signal durch die klimatischen Bedingungen stark beeinträchtigt wurde.
Der Sender wurde daraufhin durch Siemens-Lautsprecher ersetzt, und die Ceto tourte durch England und "sendete" Grammophonplatten, unterbrochen von Werbung.
de k








RSID: <<2024-04-11T01:00Z DominoEX 88 @ 5850000+1500>>

ON RNEI NEXT -- The Height med Type of Days 🇬🇧







   <<2024-04-11T01:05Z DominoEX 88 @ 5850000+1500>>

THAT WAS -- Mumle - Det Modsatte (The Opposite) 🇩🇰


ON RNEI NEXT -- L.U:N.A - Langt avsted (Far Away) 🇳🇴



RSID: <<2024-04-11T01:27Z DominoEX 22 @ 5850000+1500>>
--- RNEI 50 Playlist ---

4,ZoeyVT - Snow Halation (Cover) 🇬🇧


5,WU-LI - Se på meg (Look at me) 🇸🇪


6,Darin - Electric 🇸🇪


7,Monotronic - Reach for the Stars - 🇩🇪



8,UNDER & SIV - Vågorna 🇸🇪
Til vi møtes igjen,
Ha det~


Highasakite - Since Last Wednesday



Highasakite - Golden Ticket



Highasakite - Uranium Heart



Highasakite - Can I Come Home



























RSID: <<2024-04-11T01:27Z DominoEX 22 @ 5850000+1500>>

--- RNEI 50 Playlist ---

4,ZoeyVT - Snow Halation (Cover) 🇬🇧
5,WU-LI - Se på meg (Look at me) 🇸🇪
6,Darin - Electric 🇸🇪
7,Monotronic - Reach for the Stars - 🇩🇪
8,UNDER & SIV - Vågorna 🇸🇪
Til vi møtes igjen,
Ha det~












RSID: <<2024-04-13T21:28Z MFSK-64 @ 9395000+1500>>

Sending Pic:190x281;



Here is a timeline of "data transmission via BC shortwave":

2013-03-16 - 2017-06-17   VoA Radiogram  000-220  USA (Continuation under private management as SWRG)
2013-08-31 - until now    KBC Radiogram           NL  (without count, earliest note in my chronicle)
2016-03-23 - 2017-01-14   DIGI DX         01- 44  UK  (Among other things also *.mid transferred)
2016-06-17 - 2019-01-01   IBC DIGITAL    001-134  I   (my own count)
2017-06-25 - until now    SWRG           001-3
49  USA (and further ongoing)
2017-11-?? - 2018-12-23   BSR Radiogram   01- 44  USA (Broad Spectrum Radio)
2018-07-25 - 2019-04-06   SSR Radiogram   01- 33  NL  (Slow Scan Radio)
2019-02-21 - 2023-08-03   TIAMS          001-222  CAN (This Is A Music Show)
2020-02-15 - until now    RNEI            01- 4
9  UK  (and further ongoing)
2020-03-07 - 2023-08-06   TIAEMS 03/2020-07/2023  CAN (This Is An Express Music Show)
2021-11-28 - until now    Pop Shop Radio          CAN (first find of a playlist in a spectrogram scan)
Projects with digital playlists or content:



Active SHOWS:


SWRG - Shortwave Radiogram - Virginia, USA         KD9XB    M.Hirst-SWRG



KBC Radiogram - Virginia ==> Florida, USA          KD9XB ==> WD4AH             KG4LAC-KBC

    DX Headlines



Radio Northern Europe International - County Hamshire, UK

Radio Carpathia - Transylvania, Romania

Pop Shop Radio - British Columbia, Canada
          Tony Pavick

Radio Catface International -
San Jose, California, USA

CatfaceMcRadio   CatfaceMcVideo


DK Radio - Mr.DoubleK  - Transylvania, Romania [via RNEI]


Data with Jeff - Tennessee, USA  [via Radio Carpathia]  KG4ZIE


Cult of Show



Ended SHOWS:


VOA Radiogram - Virginia, USA      ===> SWRG    KD9XB    M.Hirst-VOA



STF Radiogram - Toronto, Canada



BSR Radiogram - Oklahoma, USA                   KG5JST



DIGI DX - Lancashire, UK


Emergency Radio                 PA0ETE


SSR Radiogram - Amersfoort, Netherlands         PA0ETE






TIAMS / TIAEMS - Radiogram - Toronto, Canada



Music on Shortwave


HFZone WRMI-B23 Human Readable SKedGrid ++



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