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RSID: <<2015-11-22T01:30Z MFSK-32 @ 7395000+1500>>



With only a minute to transmit, this advertisement for KBC's new
DAB service in the Netherlands may look small, but a link to the
full-size version follows ...


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9D: DAB+ Noordwest

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Onair 29.5.2015





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RSID: <<2015-11-
21T16:01Z MFSK-32 @ 17580000+1500>>

Welcome to program 138 of VOA Radiogram from the Voice of

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Washington.

Here is the lineup fpr today's program, all in MFSK32
except where noted:

  1:32 Program preview (now)
  2:44 Earth-like exoplanet may not be habitable*
  7:29 New tool to search for extraterrestrial life*
11:13 Analysts warn of Middle East hackers*
20:43 Men overeat to show off to women*
23:45 Closing announcements*
28:41 Olivia 64-2000: Transmission schedule

* with image

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

And visit voaradiogram.net.

Twitter: @VOARadiogram

'Earth-like' Exoplanet Likely Not Habitable

VOA News
November 18, 2015

An exoplanet thought to be the most Earth-like may not be
habitable after all due to the large amount of radiation it
receives, researchers said.

Writing in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society,
researchers at the University of Warwick say Kepler-438b has
likely had its atmosphere "stripped away" due to "superflaring"
of its star, the Red Dwarf Kepler-438.

The researchers said the flaring occurs regularly "every few
hundred days," and are many times more powerful than similar
flares coming from our Sun. To get an idea how strong the flares
are, the researchers said they are roughly equivalent to 100
billion megatons of TNT.

But the flares alone aren't enough to strip away a planet's
atmosphere. Coronal mass ejections, which accompany flares can
strip away the atmosphere and subject it to harsh UV and X-ray

"Unlike the Earth's relatively quiet sun, Kepler-438 emits strong
flares every few hundred days, each one stronger than the most
powerful recorded flare on the Sun," said David Armstrong of the
University of Warwick's Astrophysics Group. "It is likely that
these flares are associated with coronal mass ejections, which
could have serious damaging effects on the habitability of the

"If the planet, Kepler-438b, has a magnetic field like the Earth,
it may be shielded from some of the effects. However, if it does
not, or the flares are strong enough, it could have lost its
atmosphere, be irradiated by extra dangerous radiation and be a
much harsher place for life to exist".

Kepler-438b is thought to be of similar size to Earth with the
same temperatures.


Image: The planet Kepler-438b is shown here in front of its
violent parent star ...

Sending Pic:223x138C;

This is VOA Radiogram from the Voice of America.

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

NASA Working On a New Tool to Search for ET

Rick Pantaleo
VOA Science World Blog
November 18, 2015

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, in Pasadena, California is
developing what they're calling a 'chemical laptop' to help
search for extraterrestrial life.

The battery-powered device is actually a miniature laboratory
that's being equipped to consume and analyze samples in order to
detect any material that might be associated with life, such as
amino and fatty acids.

Once developed, NASA says that they'd like to send it out on a
spacecraft to a destination such as Mars or Europa, one of the
moons of Jupiter.

NASA describes the device is a chemical analyzer that's about the
size of a laptop computer. And, like a computer their 'chemical
laptop' can be programmed and reprogrammed to perform a variety
of functions.

To see how the chemical laptop performed outside of the
laboratory, the researchers conducted a successful field test
last year at JPL's Mars Yard, a simulated Martian landscape. The
new device's next test will take place soon in the Atacama Desert
in Chile.


Sending Pic:224x126C;

This is VOA Radiogram from the Voice of America.

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.


Analysts Warn Middle East Hackers Trying to Attack US

Doug Bernard
November 18, 2015

Security in Washington and across the United States is tightening
this week, following a new video reportedly released by Islamic
State specifically threatening an attack on the American capital
similar to last week's brutal killings in Paris.

Police presence at government buildings, mass transit systems,
and other key locations has been noticeably stepped up in the
past several days, and Washington city leaders are urging
citizens to keep their eyes open to report any suspicious

But while security officials work to harden potential targets
against any terrorist threats, a growing number of cybersecurity
analysts are warning some of the most critical U.S. assets are
all but unprotected: namely the nation's millions of digital
operational networks that control everything from water treatment
to manufacturing to the electric grid.

Even more ominously, there are new indications the fastest
growing cyberthreat is coming from hackers based in the Middle
East, including regions known to be controlled by IS, and that
unless something is done, the United States may soon face what
some are calling a "cyber Pearl Harbor."

Old, Outdated, and Vulnerable

U.S. electronic infrastructure is, "Generally speaking,
exceptionally vulnerable" according to Barak Perelman, co-founder
and CEO of the cybersecurity firm Indegy.

A graduate of Israel's Talpiot military program for outstanding
scientists, Perelman spent a decade serving in the Israeli
Defense Force on military cyber defense, and now helps industry
and governments protect against large-scale industrial disasters
brought on by cyberattack.

Perelman says nearly everything industrial, from oil production
and manufacturing to water treatment and power generation, is
controlled by small digital devices that monitor and adjust
industrial control equipment. These operational networks, or
"OTs" as Perelman calls them, are built by engineers and are
fundamentally different than the IT computer networks built by
programmers that power our computers and the Internet.

He says most OTs are very old.

"This equipment has been in place for the last few decades and
was not updated or upgraded. It was designed before security was
even thought of or talked about, so practices like
authentication, logging in with passwords, doesn't even exist in
many OT networks," Perelman told VOA.

Sounding the alarm over OT vulnerability isn't new. Speaking on
cyberissues in 2012, then Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta told
the Senate that "America faces the potential threat for another
Pearl Harbor" and that "technologically, the capability to
paralyze this country is there now."

In 2014, NSA chief Adm. Michael Rogers said of a major
cyberattack striking the United States that it's only a matter of
"when" we are going to see something dramatic.

The former head of U.S. Cyber Command, Gen. Keith Alexander, also
warned of a "doomsday" scenario where U.S. transportation,
manufacturing and the electric grid are paralyzed for weeks or
months by cyber weapons, leaving tens of millions cold, hungry,
and in the dark.

Perelman agrees it's only a matter time before an adversary
launches a potentially crippling strike on sensitive U.S.
infrastructure. But he cautions investments aren't being made to
protect these systems. That's because, in Perelman's view,
cybersecurity is heavily dominated by IT professionals who just
don't understand the more engineering-dominated OT world.

"We have to start now before something terrible happens,"
Perelman warns. "Unfortunately we're hearing from many facilities
we're talking to that they simply cannot get the budget or
government support. It seems sometimes like everyone is just
sitting and waiting for an attack before they do something, which
is not the way to be."

Full text:


or scan this QR code ...


Sending Pic:294x294;








The text of the following VOA news story will be transmitted in
MFSK32 at the usual center frequency of 1500 Hz. Simultaneously,
the accompanying image will be transmitted in MFSK32 at a center
frequency of 2200 Hz. This image will not be preceded by the
RSID. A tuning signal will begin 15 seconds after the start of
the text, and the image itself 34 seconds after. ...


@ 1500 Hz

@ 2200 Hz


This is VOA Radiogram from the Voice of America.

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

Study: Men Overeat to Show Off to Women

VOA News
November 19, 2015

Different male species have many ways to attract a mate. Some
have colorful feathers, luxuriant manes or bulging muscles, but a
new study suggests the human male tries to impress females by

Writing in the journal Evolutionary Psychological Science,
Cornell University researchers found that men who dined with
women ate 93 percent more pizza and 86 percent more salad when
accompanied by woman than when with other males.

"These findings suggest that men tend to overeat to show off -
you can also see this tendency in eating competitions which
almost always have mostly male participants," explains lead
author Kevin Kniffin, PhD, of Cornell University.

For the study, the researchers observed 105 adults having lunch
at an all-you-can-eat Italian buffet and recorded the amount of
pizza and salad eaten. They also noted the sex of the subjects'
dining partners.

As they left, a researcher approached them, asking them to fill
out a questionnaire "indicating their level of fullness after
eating, and their feelings of hurriedness and comfort while

Unlike men, women tended to eat the same amount regardless of the
sex of their dining partner, however women did indicate they felt
they'd overeaten and were rushed when dining with men.



Sending Pic:294x294;























This is VOA Radiogram from the Voice of America.

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

Next, the same image of pizzas transmitted simultaneously with
the text of the previous VOA News story, but this time
transmitted separately on the usual center frequency of 1500 Hz

Sending Pic:224x121C;

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

And visit voaradiogram.net.

Twitter: @VOARadiogram

Thanks to colleagues at the Edward R. Murrow shortwave
transmitting station in North Carolina.

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next VOA Radiogram.

This is VOA, the Voice of America.

Sending Pic:316x28C;


Sending Pic:342x342;








RSID: <<2015-11-21T16:2
8Z OL 64-2K @ 17580000+1500>>

VOA Radiogram transmission schedule
(days/times UTC)
Sat 0930-1000 5865 kHz
Sat 1600-1630 17580 kHz
Sun 0230-0300 5745 kHz
Sun 1930-2000 15670 kHz
All via North Carolina







 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band      &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer    &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1 - Software italiano per SDR       [S-AM-USB/LSB]

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-3.23.05       http://skylink.dl.sourceforge.net/project/fldigi/fldigi/readme.txt            +   flmsg-2.0.12


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4  -  2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]





Comparison of the not denoised MFSK-32 images


@1500 Hz - 16.24z - solo track

@2200 Hz - 16.21z - 2nd track







At first sight it looks like the same pizza - however, on the right there are a few more spikes.





DRM-images   -   received via EASYPAL/DSSTV on 3733 + 7058 kHz /LSB    (FRG-100 / Dipol for ~40 MHz)



Here are some pics of  PA1RZ   [ex. PD1JMT,  Hans Tielman, 9649JD   Muntendam, Netherlands  received in the last time:

https://twitter.com/PA1RZ           https://www.facebook.com/omroepmenterwolde/    http://www.omroep-menterwolde.nl/