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RSID: <<2016-08-10T20:30Z MFSK-32 @ 6070000+1500>>




OGNI MERCOLEDI' 20.30-21.00 UTC 6070 KHZ IN MFSK 32 (1500 Hz) E IN OLIVIA 16-500 (2200 Hz)
OGNI VENERDI' 01.25-01.30 UTC 9955 KHZ IN MFSK32
OGNI SABATO 01.55-02 UTC 11580 KHZ IN MFSK32


Sending Pic:500x340;




Sending Pic:500x353;





"Trasmette anche nella tua lingua

Fatti prendere dalla sua rete."

"Man sendet auch in Deiner Sprache

Lass Dich von seinem Netz fangen"

"They transmit also in your language
Let catch yourself from his network"

                                                                   (?)  [roger]


VENERDI' 01-01.30 UTC 9955 KHZ
SABATO 01.30-02 UTC 11580 KHZ


SWITCH NOW TO OLIVIA 16-500(2200 Hz)

RSID: <<2016-08-10T20:38Z
OL 16-500 @ 607000+2200>>




5A Libya NOW 5A1AL is often on HF qsl W5UE
5H Tanzania Aug 13 - Aug 22 UDXT as 5H1XX from Zanzibar AF-032 qsl M0URX
5Z Kenya Now - Aug end JM1CAX is on /5Z4 qsl H.C.
6Y Jamaica Aug 6 - Aug 20 DK9PY will sign 6Y6N qsl H.C.
8T Antartica Now - Dec 2016 VU3BPZ as BT2BH qsl I1HYW
9A Croatia Aug 1 - Sep 30 PA4JJ is on /9A qsl OQRS
9A Croatia Aug 8 - Aug 12 Sergio IZ3NXC as /9A from EU-016 IOCA CI-051 ARLHS CRO-148 WLOTA-0815 9AFF-011 qsl H.C.
C6 Bahamas Aug 8 - Aug 22 KK4LWR and KD8RTT as /C6A qsl LoTW
C9 Mozambique NOW - Mar 2017 PD0JBH as C91PA qsl H.C. & LoTW
CN Morocco Jul 25 - Aug 14 F8FGU as CN2RN qsl H.C. bur
CT8 Azores Aug 5 - Aug 19 F5IRO as /CT8 from EU-003 qsl H.C dir & bur
GM Scotland Aug 13 - Aug 21 GM5TO from EU-123 qsl G3PHO
GM Scotland Aug 13 - Aug 21 Grantham ARC as GM0GRC & GM7GRC from EU-123 qsl G0RCI dir ClubLog
JD Minami Torishima Aug - Sep JG8NQJ will be /8 qsl JA8CJY dir JG8NQJ bur
KH6 Hawaii Aug 5 - Aug 26 F4GHS as /KH6 Aug. 10-17: Kauai Island Aug. 17-26: Big Island qsl H.C. dir
OJ0 Market Reef Aug 11 - Aug 16 A small DL group as OJ0DX qsl DL3DXX & Club Log
T2 Tuvalu Jul 21 - Aug 18 KC0W will be on as T2COW
TF Iceland Aug 6 - Aug 21 ON2MVH will be /TF
UA Russia Jun 3 - Sep 3 RI1C om EU-133 group for a few days each activation qsl RW1F OQRS
UA AS. Russia Aug 6 - Aug 16 RI0FS by RRC from AS-062
UA As. Russia Aug 14 - Aug 18 UE23RRC will be active from AS-142 qsl ClubLog
UA As. Russia Aug 14 - Aug 18 RK8A, part of the above team will be on from AS-025 qslClubLog
V3 Belize Now - Oct end PA0C will sign V31HV & V31HV/p qsl H.C. dir
VK Australia Aug 14 - Aug 18 VK6NX will be on from OC-206 signing VI6DH400
XU Cambodia Aug 9 - Aug 18 HB9FXL, and HB9MUQwill sign XU7AKB and XU7AKD from AS-133 qs HB9FXL dir & bur
YJ Vanatu Jul 25 - Aug 20 YJ8RN will be active /p from OC-110 qsl NZ4DX
ZA Albania Aug 9 - Aug 23 IU7GSN will spend his holiday in Albania and will be on qsl H.C.
















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RSID: <<2016-08-08T20:00Z MFSK-32 @ 6070000+1500>>

Hello and welcome to DigiDX 24, a weekly review of the latest shortwave
and DX news broadcast mainly in MFSK32 mode. This broadcast includes
shortwave news, an article on the Evolution of Shortwave Radio by James
Careless from RadioWorld and the e-QSL card,

DigiDX weekly schedule:
Sunday 2130 - 15770kHz via WRMI (Okeechobee, FL, USA)
Sunday 2330 - 11580kHz via WRMI (Okeechobee, FL, USA)
Monday 2000 - 6070kHz via Channel 292 (Rohrbach Wall, DE)

Thanks very much to listeners Oscar Marazzini, Alan Gale, Jordan
Heyburn, Fred Albertson, Mike Stapp, Mark Braunstein and Richard Langley
for contributing via Paypal or to the Patreon campaign.


Latest Shortwave News:

Last ever Wavescan DX Contest - Grand Finale 2016
PCJ Radio special broadcast
Vatican Radio ending Rosary and Latin Mass broadcasts on Shortwave




Last ever Wavescan DX Contest - Grand Finale 2016

WaveScan have announced that their 2016 DX Contest will be the last ever
and will be titled “The Grand Finale” . The contest is based on
listening to all Adventist World Radio’s transmitter sites and has run
since 1971. For more information on the contest running in August and
September go to http://goo.gl/O3bXst



PCJ Radio special broadcast

August 21st and 22nd PCJ Radio International will present part 2 of From
The Radio Netherlands Archives.

The focus will be on news and documentaries. You will hear Ginger Da
Silva, Eric Beauchemin, Pete Myers and more.

There will be a special E-QSL issued for this program presented by
Paulette MacQuarrie.

August 21, 2016 : Europe: 0600 to 0800UTC – Frequency 7570kHz
August 22, 2016 : North America: 0100 to 0300UTC – Frequency 7780kHz


Vatican ending Rosary and Latin Mass broadcasts on Shortwave

Vatican Radio are ending their daily Rosary and Latin Mass broadcasts on
shortwave which previously were broadcast on frequencies 3975kHz,
6070kHz, 7250kHz and 15595kHz at 0530 and 1830. The 6070 broadcast
clashed with Channel 292 and gave DigiDX a chance to broadcast at this
time and test different modes against interference from Vatican Radio.
However these extra DigiDX broadcasts will now no longer take place
daily as they have done for the last few months. Thanks to Merkouris for
putting these broadcasts together and I’m sure some of the experiments
he has done can now move into regular DigiDX broadcasts over the coming

Now follows an article called The Evolution of Shortwave Radio by James Careless from Radio World.

To see the full article with images go to http://www.radioworld.com/article/the-evolution-of-shortwave-radio/279335

OTTAWA, Ontario — With the advent of radio in the 20th century, the
shortwave band (1710–30,000 kHz) soon became a hotbed of long-distance
radio broadcasting. Used primarily by state-run international
broadcasters, plus ham radio operators and ship-to-shore radio
communications, the shortwave band was prized due to its astoundingly
broad reach.

That reach was — and is still — made possible by the tendency of
ground-based shortwave radio transmissions to bounce off the ionosphere
and back to earth; allowing shortwave broadcasts to “hop”
repeatedly, increasing a broadcast’s range while minimizing its decay.
This writer once heard BBC World Service on 6175 kHz coming to him from
both directions at once; a phenomenon proven by the “echo” he heard
caused by the “around the world” shortwave signal arriving at his
receiver slightly later than the “direct path” signal.

At the height of the Cold War, the shortwave bands were packed with
content as the Voice of America and West Germany’s Deutsche Welle
(Voice of Germany) traded ideological punches with Radio Moscow and East
Germany’s Radio Berlin International. This is because analog shortwave
radio broadcasting was the only way for both sides to make their
political cases cross international borders: There was no satellite TV,
let alone any internet.

Fast forward to 2016. Today, shortwave and its often scratchy,
interference-ridden, fading mono transmissions have been trumped by
other higher-performing, content-rich delivery platforms. As a result,
“A large part of the audience that would formerly listen to
international broadcasters can now get the same information from
websites and/or satellite TV,” said Andy Sennitt, former editor of the
World Radio Television Handbook and shortwave correspondent with the now
defunct Radio Netherlands International radio service. “The regular
audiences in Europe, North America and parts of Asia are now a tiny
fraction of what they once were,” Sennitt noted. “In parts of Africa
and South Asia there are still significant shortwave audiences, but even
those are gradually declining.”

At the same time, Western broadcasters such as the BBC World Service and
others have found it cheaper to distribute their content to domestic FM
broadcasters in target countries, as well as by satellite TV and the
web. Add the end of the Cold War (or at least the first one) with fall
of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and cash-strapped Western governments no
longer see a reason to spend millions operating 100 kW shortwave
transmitters and their attendant large antenna farms.

This is why the BBC World Service, Voice of America, and others have
substantially reduced their international shortwave broadcasts, with the
former going as far as ending transmissions to North America, Europe,
and Australia and parts of Asia. Meanwhile, once popular Western
shortwave broadcasters such as Radio Canada International, Radio
Netherlands, Swiss Radio International, and Radio Sweden International
ceased shortwave broadcasts altogether. Some of the former shortwave
stations now stream their content on the web.

“In the past 10 years, the majority of legacy government-sponsored
shortwave radio stations have either closed down or dramatically reduced
their services,” observed Thomas Witherspoon, editor of the popular
shortwave news site SWLingPost.com. “Very few shortwave broadcasters
still target North America and Europe.”

SAME USAGE, CHANGING PLAYERS Given the reduction and/or demise of so
many international shortwave broadcasters, one might expect that the
world’s shortwave spectrum would be far quieter in 2016. But this is
not the case. Based on recent data compiled by the High Frequency
Coordination Conference, the International Telecommunications Union
committee that coordinates the allocation of specific shortwave
frequencies among nations, “There is about as much broadcast activity
on the shortwave band today as there was in the past,” said Nigel Fry,
head of Distribution for the BBC World Service Group.

“What has changed is who is using the band. As once-dominant Western
broadcasters have scaled back or shut down their transmissions, others
have taken their place, particularly by taking over the frequencies that
are most effective at reaching large parts of the globe reliably and
relatively clearly. Meanwhile, in those areas where shortwave remains
the best way to reach people — such as in Africa and parts of Asia —
the BBC World Service and other broadcasters are still relying on it.”

A case in point: The BBC World Service’s 5975 and 6175 kHz frequencies
— once the foundation of the BBC World Service’s evening service to
North America — is now being used by China Radio International and the
Voice of Vietnam. Radio Netherlands’ one-time popular 6165 kHz North
American channel is now being used by Radio Havana Cuba.

When it comes to state-run shortwave broadcasters today, “by far the
most dominant is China Radio International,” said Sennitt. “Soft
power [e.g. wooing international listeners to a given state-run
broadcaster’s political position] is being used by the Chinese much
more effectively than by any other nation. They also use satellite TV
and, in some countries, domestic radio. In the U.S. there are a number
of stations owned by Chinese companies in major cities, even Washington.
China Radio International is carried on these stations for all or part
of the time. But their audience is minuscule,” he said.

As well, much of shortwave’s relinquished bandwidth has been taken up
by donation-funded religious radio stations, plus private broadcasters.
In the second category, “WRMI is the first station that comes to mind.
This U.S. station experienced a significant expansion in late 2013,”
said Witherspoon. “After WRMI purchased the [former] WYFR transmission
site [in Okeechobee, Florida], they thought they would begin with one or
two transmitters on the air and perhaps expand slowly. But at last
report WRMI general manager Jeff White told me they now have all 14 of
their transmitters on the air, most up to 24 hours a day.” WRMI makes
its living by renting airtime to third-party religious, political, and
state broadcasters.

Meanwhile, shortwave’s ability to cover large areas economically (if
not with great audio quality) makes it a natural for Third World
countries. For example, South Sudan has recently added shortwave to
complement it Eye Radio FM broadcasts. The shortwave broadcast, which
began April 26, covers “the whole of South Sudan including remote
areas in which communities are not able to access FM radio stations,”
said Stephen Omiri, CEO of Eye Media, Eye Radio’s parent company.

“KVOH in Los Angeles — a Christian broadcaster known the Voice of
Hope — has recently put the Christian Vision shortwave station in
Zambia back on the air,” added Witherspoon. “I also learned from
Radio World that World Christian Broadcasting launched its second
shortwave station, Madagascar World Voice, in late March.”

As well, according to Fry, the BBC is planning to start broadcasts to
Ethiopia and North Korea this fall. “So some regions that especially
need the service shortwave provides will be receiving it, at least in
some measure,” Witherspoon said.

“Another expansion involves low-power (10 kW or less) shortwave
broadcasters in Europe, particularly in Germany,” said Kim Andrew
Elliott, audience research analyst with the Voice of America.
“Examples include Channel 292 on 6070 kHz, and Radio 700 on 3985,
6005, and 7310 kHz. They are like LPFM in the United States, except the
European low-power shortwave stations can sell time and have very low
rates. This encourages participation by niche program makers. Other
low-powered shortwave stations in Europe are not licensed, i.e. they are
pirates. Most are found on frequencies just above 6200 kHz.”

DIGITAL SHORTWAVE RADIO The local/regional push to bring digital radio
to the MW (AM) and FM broadcast bands through DAB and (in the U.S.) HD
Radio does have an all-band (including shortwave) counterpart. Known as
Digital Radio Mondiale and operated in test broadcast mode for many
years by numerous shortwave broadcasters, DRM “offers an excellent
option for delivering the great advantages of long-distance,
wide-coverage shortwave broadcasting in excellent audio quality with
extra features and multimedia data,” said Ruxandra Obreja, chairman of
the DRM Consortium, an international group driving DRM’s worldwide
campaign for deployment.

Even in its current test mode, “about half of the world population is
within range of a DRM signal,” Obreja noted. “BBC, All India Radio,
Radio Vatican, Voice of Nigeria, RNZI, and Radio Romania are regularly
broadcasting in DRM shortwave,” she said. “The value of these
services is beyond any doubt. What they need is receivers or receiver

Fortunately for DRM, All India Radio’s decision to update its
shortwave and MW analog transmitters to DRM digital transmission is
giving this format the big push the consortium has been hoping for. The
1.25 billion people living in India is large enough “to support
indigenous DRM radio receiver production; both portables and in-car
units,” said the BBC’s Fry.

“This is creating a product base of DRM radios that can be sold into
other countries, should they decide to embrace DRM.” The made-in-India
Avion stereo portable DRM radio — known as the AV-DR-2401 — was
shown at IBC2015 and is available for purchase at
www.avionelectronics.in for US$189.

“There are rumors in the DRM community that a Chinese manufacturer is
plotting to release a DRM portable by end of 2016,” said Witherspoon.
“This might make sense as there could potentially be a substantial
market in India if the receivers are effective and affordable.”

Conventional radio broadcasting isn’t the only possible use for DRM.
For instance, the German navy is using DRM to deliver audio, video and
data to its ships and personnel around the world,” said Obreja. “The
U.S. Coast Guard is also considering using DRM in the same way for
services to the far north.” Meanwhile, Radio New Zealand is using DRM
to backhaul audio content to the Pacific Islands, “where the digitized
programs are reconverted to FM” for conventional analog transmission,
she said.

However, Sennitt is skeptical that DRM will be able to leverage its
India deployment to global success. “If you believe the DRM
Consortium, it’s just a matter of time (until this occurs). But they
have been saying that for well over a decade,” Sennitt told RWI. “In
my opinion, DRM is now a niche technology that was devised 10 years too
late. The major receiver manufacturers have ignored it, and the few
radios that have been produced in small quantities were too expensive
and performed poorly. So there’s absolutely no consumer demand. Only a
tiny proportion of shortwave transmissions use DRM, and most shortwave
listeners can’t receive them.”

Perhaps DRM’s ongoing rise to prominence in India will change this
situation globally; perhaps not. In the meantime, the Voice of America
is running its own digital transmission tests over analog shortwave, on
the “VOA Radiogram” show hosted by VOA’s Kim Andrew Elliott. In
this program Elliott — one of shortwave’s most respected
researchers/broadcasters — sends out digital images and text to
listeners. To decipher these broadcasts, each listener must have a
shortwave radio with an audio connection to a PC loaded with decoding
software such as Fldigi, MixW, MultiPSK, or DM780.

“Kim Andrew Elliott has amassed a sizable audience of listeners around
the world who decode his mostly digital broadcasts which originate at
the Edward R. Murrow transmitter site in Greenville, North Carolina,”
said Witherspoon. “Elliott regularly receives (proof of) decoded
images and text files from across the globe, and it’s important to
note that his transmissions can more easily penetrate jamming than
analog AM broadcasts.”

According to Elliott, his VOA Radiogram digital text/image transmissions
have proven that such information “can be broadcast by any shortwave
transmitter, with no need for modification, and received on any
shortwave radio, even inexpensive portables with no single sideband
capability,” he said. “We have found that text is received
successfully in conditions where an analog voice broadcast would be
difficult to understand. So while DRM reduces the capability of
shortwave, digital modes via analog radio actually extends the
capability of shortwave.”



Type “Is shortwave dead?” into Google, and you will receive pages of
websites arguing on both sides of the issue. The reason this is such a
contentious question is due to the demise of Western shortwave
broadcasters and their broadcasts to North America and Europe. The end
of these broadcasts disenchanted many formerly avid shortwave fans
(including this writer), causing them to mourn the loss of what had been
an interesting and challenging listening hobby and look elsewhere for

That said, the research that went into this article suggests that the
shortwave band is sufficiently alive to be still evolving. The retreat
of the BBC World Service and other Western broadcasters from the band
has left space for other countries and private companies to grab their
frequencies, while DRM’s win in India has given this digital shortwave
format its first credible chance at going global.

But does this evolution mean that shortwave has a future? On this
crucial point, the experts disagree.

On the positive side, “shortwave remains the most accessible
international communications medium that still provides listeners with
the protection of complete anonymity,” said Witherspoon. “I still
see a place for shortwave in the 21st century, especially for reaching
areas of the world that are prone to natural disasters that destroy
local broadcasting and Internet infrastructure,” added Fry.

On the negative, “shortwave is a legacy technology, which is expensive
and environmentally unfriendly,” said Sennitt. “A few countries are
hanging on to it, but most have faced up to the fact that the glory days
of shortwave have gone. Religious broadcasters will still use it because
they are not too concerned with listening figures,” he said.

“China Radio International, I am reliably informed by someone who
worked there, gets a huge budget and has not so far been under any
pressure to cut costs, but as growth in the Chinese economy starts to
slow down it will be interesting to see how long this situation
continues; especially given the other soft propaganda platforms already
used by the Chinese.”

So what will happen to shortwave in the years ahead? The only reasonable
advice is — stay tuned!

James Careless reports on the industry for Radio World from Ottawa,

Now we have the e-QSL card for reception reports from last weeks
broadcast, this week we are back to MFSK32 for the image

Sending Pic:466x266;





Thank you for listening, please send reports, comments and shortwave related news or articles to reports@digidx.uk.
This is DigiDX Signing off.....





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RSID: <<2016-08-07T01:30Z MFSK-32 @ 9925000+1500>>

The Dutch shipbuilding group Damen is exporting more tugboats to
the USA ...


Sending Pic:165x118C;






Please report decode to themightykbc@gmail.com







































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RSID: <<2016-08-07T02:31Z
MFSK-32 @ 5745000+1

Welcome to program 175 of VOA Radiogram from the Voice of

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Washington.

Here is the lineup for today's program, all in MFSK32 except
where noted:

  1:32 Program preview (now)
  2:52 Life in the deep Pacific*
12:49 Private US company plans moon shot*
17:18 Thor25x4: Io atmosphere collapses in Jupiter's shadow**
22:17 MFSK32: Io image
24:34 Special broadcasts by Club Diexistas de la Amistad
26:10 Closing announcements

* with image

** RSID will be followed by 10-second tone in case manual mode
change is required

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

And visit voaradiogram.net.

Twitter: @VOARadiogram


Deep Sea Abyss, New Mining Frontier, Harbors Unexpected Life

JoEllen McBride
August 03, 2016

The ocean is one of the last frontiers on Earth. But the world's
ever-growing need for minerals and metals is pushing humans to
boldly go where no human has gone before and they're finding new
life in the process.

Scientists at the University of Hawaii at Manoa studied a
900-square-kilometer region in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone (CCZ)
in the Pacific Ocean. Their mission: to seek out new life and new
marine civilizations. They published the results of their first
deep sea dive in the latest issue of Nature Scientific Reports.

Into the abyss

The CCZ is a flat expanse of seabed nearly the size of the United
States, nestled between the mountainous Clarion and Clipperton
Fracture Zones, between Central America and the Hawaiian islands.
It is known to contain an array of minerals, such as copper,
nickel and cobalt, contained in potato-sized clumps (5-10cm).
These metallic nodules are scattered along the seafloor, 3,000 to
6,000 meters below the ocean surface.

The International Seabed Authority (ISA) licensed a specific area
of the CCZ to UK Seabed Resources Ltd. for exploration. But
before the company can begin mining operations, the ISA mandated
that it complete a biological study of the region.

That's when Diva Amon, a post doctoral researcher at the
University of Hawaii, got involved. UK Seabed Resources hired the
ABYSSLINE project, to determine what marine life exists in its
contract region and how those organisms depend on the mineral

"Stereotypically, us deep sea biologists think that there is not
a lot living in the abyss, but we found that actually there is
quite a lot living there," Amon, assistant director of the
ABYSSLINE project, tells VOA. "More than half the animals we
collected were completely new to science. It just shows how much
more work needs to be done in that area because we know so
little." Her group found a new species of anemone and two new
species of sponges, but that's not what has them excited.

Three of the specimens Amon collected were not just
newly-identified species, the researchers had to create new,
higher-level genus classifications for them. Two of these new
genera are in the coral family and the third is a completely new
genus and species.

Biological oceanographer Paul Snelgrove, who participated in a
decade-long global census of marine life a few years ago, notes
that finding new species in the deep ocean is pretty common. But
the Memorial University of Newfoundland professor says the need
for new genera "is really quite profound."

Nodule dwellers

Amon's work also focused on the metallic "potatoes." She found
more than half of the animals collected were attached to the
nodules. The CCZ terrain is soft, flat seafloor and nodules
provide the only hard surface where these creatures can affix

"If mining happens across the entire area, this ecosystem will
just be decimated," Amon cautions.

The box core is an excellent piece of sampling equipment because
it takes a large chunk of mud out of the seafloor and brings it
to the surface, mostly undisturbed.The box core is an excellent
piece of sampling equipment because it takes a large chunk of mud
out of the seafloor and brings it to the surface, mostly

That is why these studies are so important, says Snelgrove, who
was not affiliated with the ABYSSLINE project. "It's likely we
are going to develop at least some aspect of these deep ocean
environments and we should try to do that with knowledge in hand
and do it in a way that's going to minimize our impact."

"There is a scientific push to slow things a bit so that the
science can be done … so this [mining] can be done as sustainably
as possible," says Amon.

A 2013 press release on Lockheed Martin's website announcing the
contract given to UK Seabed Resources by the ISA states the
subsidiary is "working closely with U.K. government departments
and research institutions on environmental and industrial
elements of the project."

VOA reached out to UK Seabed Resources for comment but company
officials did not respond in time for this article.

More dives into the deep

The ABYSSLINE project has a five-year mission and Amon expects
that more new species and genera will be discovered on future

"I'm looking at year two [data] and already ... I'm seeing ...
new stuff," she says excitedly.

"The deep sea is just this fascinating place where there are so
many things that no one has ever seen before that are weird and
wonderful," she added. "This is one of the last areas where there
hasn't been wide scale impact by humans. So we need to be careful
and hopefully by doing the studies that we're doing, we can
provide the data that can be used to manage the areas as best as

It appears there are still plenty of strange new worlds to
explore here on Earth.


Image: The fish Bathysaurus mollis and brittle star seen in a
field of polymetallic nodules in the eastern Clarion-Clipperton

Sending Pic:267x147C;



This is VOA Radiogram from the Voice of America.
Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

US Government Green Lights Private Moon Shot

VOA News
August 03, 2016

A private U.S. company has been given the green light for a
commercial flight to the moon.

The first-of-its-kind announcement came Wednesday that Moon
Express, Inc. will send a robotic lander to the moon. The lander
has been reported to be the size of the fictional droid R2-D2
from the Star Wars movies.

"It's certainly trailblazing," said Bob Richards, Moon Express
co-founder and CEO. "It's a huge milestone for us."

Until now, private space exploration companies have limited their
activities to Earth's orbit.

Moon Express hopes to launch its mission in 2017, the deadline
for Google's Lunar X Prize, which will be awarded to the first
privately funded company to land a vehicle on the moon.

Moon Express joined the contest in 2012, and there are now 16
other companies in the race.

"Even though we are a proud contender [in the X Prize
competition], it's neither a cornerstone of creating the business
nor do we need to win it," Bob Richards, CEO of Moon Express,
told The Verge. "But we want to win it."

Other private concerns may not be far behind with other space
ventures. SpaceX has said it plans to launch its "Red Dragon"
spacecraft to Mars as early as 2018. Another company, Planetary
Resources, is making plans to mine asteroids for minerals.


Moon Express has said it wants to do the same on the moon.




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VOA Radiogram now changes to Thor25x4 ...

RSID: <<2016-08-07T02:47Z THOR 25 x4 @ 5745000+1500>>

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Io's Atmosphere 'Collapses' When in Jupiter's Shadow

VOA News
August 02, 2016

The thin atmosphere on Jupiter's volcanic moon, Io, "collapses"
when the moon enters the gas giant's shadow, according to a new

Writing in the Journal of Geophysical Research, scientists from
the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado, say the
thin atmosphere freezes when the sun's light is blocked.

Io is the solar system's most volcanic body. The volcanoes are
caused by the constant push and pull of Jupiter's gravity, and
when they erupt, they spew large amounts of sulfur dioxide gas
that can rise nearly 500 kilometers above the moon's surface.

"This confirms that Io's atmosphere is in a constant state of
collapse and repair, and shows that a large fraction of the
atmosphere is supported by sublimation of SO2 ice," said John
Spencer, a co-author of the new study. "Though Io's hyperactive
volcanoes are the ultimate source of the SO2, sunlight controls
the atmospheric pressure on a daily basis by controlling the
temperature of the ice on the surface. We've long suspected this,
but can finally watch it happen."

When in Jupiter's shadow, the moon's temperature drops
considerably, and the sulfur dioxide gas in Io's atmosphere
freezes and then collapses to the surface. When heated again, it
converts back to a gas. Io is in the dark for about 2 hours of
every Io day, which is about 1.7 Earth days.

The conclusion about how Io's atmosphere behaves is based on
observations of the moon using the large eight-meter Gemini North
telescope in Hawaii and an instrument called the Texas Echelon
Cross Echelle Spectrograph (TEXES). Previously, such observations
were not possible because of the darkness in Jupiter's shadow.
Using the TEXES instrument, however, researchers were able to
measure heat radiation from the moon.

Researchers made their observations of Io over two nights in
November of 2013 when the moon was nearly 700 million kilometers
from Earth.


VOA Radiogram now returns to MFSK32 ...














RSID: <<2016-08-07T02:52Z MFSK-32 @ 5745000+1500>>

This is VOA Radiogram in MFSK32.

Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

Image: Artist's concept of the atmospheric collapse of Jupiter's
volcanic moon Io, which is eclipsed by Jupiter for two hours of
each day (1.7 Earth days) ...

Sending Pic:241x125C;



Venezuela Special DX programs set for August

Shortwave Central blog
August 02, 2016

Socios Activos del Club Diexistas de la Amistad (CDXA
Internacional) will have a series of special broadcasts via WRMI
during August to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the DX club,
simultaneously with the international day of Radio Ecos del
Torbes and the 26 years of the program "America en antenna".

A special eQSL will be available.

The schedule is as follows (days/times UTC):
  9 August, 2100-2130 on 15770
Wednesday,10 August
, 0000-0030 on  7730
  12 August, 2130-2200 on 15770
 13 August, 0000-0030 on  7730
  15 August, 0000-0030 on  7730

(WRMI Facebook/20 July)
(BDXC/DX News-SW/01 Aug 2016)


Reception reports to 40cdxainternacional@gmail.com or via the
Facebook group Cadena DX.



Please send reception reports to radiogram@voanews.com.

And visit voaradiogram.net.

Twitter: @VOARadiogram

Thanks to colleagues at the Edward R. Murrow shortwave
transmitting station in North Carolina.

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next VOA Radiogram.

This is VOA, the Voice of America.


RSID: <<2016-08-07T02:58Z THOR 25 x4 @ 5745000+1500>>

Thank you for decoding the modes on VOA Radiogram.







 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-3.23.12     http://skylink.dl.sourceforge.net/project/fldigi/fldigi/readme.txt    +   flmsg-3.00.01


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]