RSID: <<2022-02-11T00:31Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>


Welcome to program 243 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I'm Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today's program, in MFSK modes as noted:

  1:41 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
  2:47 MFSK32: New chairperson at Radio Taiwan International*
  7:19 MFSK64: Swiss solutions for space junk
12:00 MFSK64: This week's images*
28:10 MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with image(s)


Please send reception reports to

And visit

We're on Twitter now: @SWRadiogram



From Radio Taiwan International:

Cheryl Lai appointed Radio Taiwan International chairperson

Natalie Tso
9 February 2022

Distinguished media executive Cheryl Lai (賴秀如) has been appointed
as the new chairperson of Radio Taiwan International (RTI),
Taiwan’s national broadcaster. RTI announced the appointment on
Wednesday after a meeting of the board of directors and other
senior figures.

Lai is a senior media executive who has held many important roles
in Taiwan’s media and cultural sectors. She previously served as
RTI’s president from 2003 to 2006. Lai was the Editor-in-Chief of
the Central News Agency, the Director of the Cultural Division of
the Taipei Representative Office in the UK, and the Editor of the
Thinking Taiwan Forum. She is also a consultant to The Cultural
Taiwan Foundation.

Culture Minister Lee Yung-te (李永得) says he believes Lai’s
leadership will enable RTI to continue to play a key role in
Taiwan’s connection to the world and to allow Taiwan’s voice to
be heard in the global community.

RTI is the only broadcaster that provides print, audio, and video
news and features about Taiwan in 14 languages. Its programs have
won many top awards at Taiwan's Golden Bell Awards, the New York
Festivals Radio Awards and the UK's Association of International
Broadcasting. The station also works with the Voice of America
and the BBC in their programming.

Lee is also thanking the outgoing board of directors and
supervisors for their contribution. He says that the new board
has many outstanding executives who can lend their expertise in
broadcasting, culture, finance and public affairs to bring RTI to
new heights.

Sending Pic:199x147C;



Cheryl Lai zur Vorsitzenden von Radio Taiwan International ernannt

09 February, 2022

Cheryl Lai zur Vorsitzenden von Radio Taiwan International ernannt
RTIs neue Vorsitzende Cheryl Lai (賴秀如) (Bild: CNA)

Taipei – 09. Februar 2022. Cheryl Lai wurde zur neuen Vorsitzenden von Radio Taiwan International (RTI), Taiwans nationalem Rundfunksender, ernannt. RTI gab die Ernennung am Mittwoch nach einer Sitzung des Verwaltungsrats und anderer hochrangiger Persönlichkeiten bekannt.

Lai, die bereits viele wichtige Funktionen in Taiwans Medien- und Kultursektor innehatte, ist keine Fremde bei RTI. Von 2003 bis 2006 war sie Präsidentin von RTI. Außerdem war Lai Chefredakteurin der Central News Agency, Leiterin der Kulturabteilung der Taipeh-Vertretung im Vereinigten Königreich und Herausgeberin des Thinking Taiwan Forum. Sie ist außerdem Beraterin der Cultural Taiwan Foundation.

Kulturminister Lee Yung-te sagte, dass RTI unter der Leitung von Lai weiterhin eine Schlüsselrolle bei der Verbindung Taiwans mit der Welt spielen und Taiwans Stimme in der globalen Gemeinschaft Gehör verschaffen wird.

RTI ist der einzige Sender, der Print-, Audio- und Videonachrichten und Features über Taiwan in 14 Sprachen anbietet. Die Sendungen des Senders wurden bei den taiwanischen Golden Bell Awards, den New York Festivals Radio Awards und der britischen Association of International Broadcasting mit zahlreichen Spitzenpreisen ausgezeichnet. Der Sender arbeitet in seinen Programmen auch mit der Voice of America und der BBC zusammen.

Lee dankt auch dem scheidenden Vorstand und der Aufsichtsbehörde für ihren Beitrag. Er sagt, dass der neue Vorstand aus vielen hervorragenden Führungskräften besteht, die ihr Fachwissen in den Bereichen Rundfunk, Kultur, Finanzen und öffentliche Angelegenheiten einbringen können, um FTI zu neuen Höhen zu führen.




Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 ...





RSID: <<2022-02-11T00:37Z MFSK-64 @ 9265000+1500>>

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to







Space junk: a Swiss warning to the world

8 February 2022

On November 15 last year, some 480 kilometres above the vast
Russian steppes, the satellite Kosmos-1408 exploded in silence,
disintegrating into a cloud of debris of various sizes. Retired
from service 40 years ago, the spacecraft had just been hit by an
A-235 antiballistic missile, fired from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.

Four hundred and eighty kilometres – that's dangerously close to
the orbit of the International Space Station (ISS). The seven
crew members were immediately told to put on their space suits
and take shelter in the emergency capsules which would bring them
back to Earth if there was a collision.

At the Pentagon, Russia's action was denounced as "reckless" and
"dangerous and irresponsible". Moscow responded that everything
had conformed with safety rules. After all, there are two Russian
cosmonauts on the ISS, one of whom is the commanding officer.

Collisions in space

This space shoot'em up was not the first of its kind. China in
2007, the US in 2008 and India in 2019 had already put on such a
show of force – always on one of their own satellites.

There have also been accidental collisions. On March 22, 2021,
the Chinese weather satellite Yunhai 1-02 struck a piece of a
Russian Zenit-2 rocket launched in the 1990s. That was the worst
orbital collision documented since 2009, when the Russian
military satellite Kosmos-2251 hit Iridium 33, an American
communications satellite.

Each of these incidents, whether intended or not, added several
hundred bits of debris to what is already present in the low
Earth orbit range (up to 2,000km altitude). There are already
34,000 pieces of space junk, counting only those that ground
radar systems can detect. There are also around 130 million small
bits of debris orbiting at 20 times the speed of a rifle bullet
which are also likely to cause considerable damage on impact.

Ideas for a solution

Today, space agencies and private-sector satellite launch
companies as well as the research world are very much aware of
the problem. Scientists at the Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology Lausanne (EPFL) have been working on it since at least
2012, when the ClearSpace project was initiated. This is a
project to develop the first satellite that can actually pick up
space junk.

However, decision-makers have not been convinced of the value of
investing in such waste management solutions. Marie-Valentine
Florin, director of EPFL's International Risk Governance Centre,
pointed out to Muriel Richard-Noca, co-founder of ClearSpace,
that there was no comparative study of the various solutions and
the costs involved.

This task went to Romain Buchs, a young physicist who had just
completed a Masters thesis studying the issue of waste management
in space. An initial report came out in spring 2021, and at the
end of November a set of options for political and industrial
decision-makers was added.

"We targeted this paper at about 400 people in the space agencies
and the private sector," Buchs says, conceding that "it is
difficult to reach the Chinese and the Russians" and that
military leaders are not on the list.

"Normally these satellites are supposed to re-enter the
atmosphere [and burn up] 25 years after their operating cycle is
completed, at the latest. But the rule is not binding and it's
often ignored. About 60% of satellites follow the rule, though it
should be at least 90%," he says.

Small and large fry in orbit

Meanwhile, more and more satellites are out there. And for
several years states have no longer had a monopoly on access to
space. The trend has been for low-orbit satellite constellations.
This began at the end of the 20th century with Iridium and
Globalstar for satellite telephone communications. But there were
barely 100 of these.

Following OneWeb, then Starlink (SpaceX) and Kuiper (Amazon),
satellites were now in the thousands, supposed to bring fast
internet access to the whole world. The operators promised to
take all necessary precautions, keeping their spacecraft flying
low enough for them to fall out of orbit automatically after a
few years, or else fitting them with devices to facilitate their
capture by future space pick-up craft.

For Buchs, these clouds of small satellites are not really the
problem. "Basically, states have created the problem. The newer
satellite constellations are most likely to get hit. Those are
the little satellites, which weigh barely 150 kilos each. The
real problems come from whole rocket stages – above all Russian
ones – which may weigh up to nine tonnes each and which were
jettisoned between 1980 and 2005," he explains.

Getting a grip on the chaos

That said, Buchs doesn't believe in apocalyptic scenarios such as
the Kessler syndrome, which envisages near space becoming so
crowded that further flights would become impossible.

"We'll never be able to pick up all the small debris – we'll have
to concentrate on the big chunks, which may crash into one
another and shatter into thousands more little bits. There are
about 2,000 of them in low orbit. If we picked up just three or
four of them a year, it would reduce the risk considerably," he

This is the goal of the ClearSpace project, which started at EPFL
and is now under the aegis of the European Space Agency. The
Japanese now have a similar project and there will be others.

Meanwhile, if anyone thinks it would be enough to declare a
moratorium on all new launches into orbit, they forget how much
our world depends on satellites.

"Just to take one example, 26 of the 55 parameters used for
measuring climate change can be calculated only from space,"
Buchs says.

(Translated from French by Terence MacNamee)




This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to





This week's painting ...

UNESCO's World Radio Day, this year with the theme "Radio and
Trust," is February 13. Information at ...

Sending Pic:199x156C;



The flag of the Sámi people of northern Norway, Sweden, Finland,
and northwestern Russia. The Sámi National Day was February 6. ...

Sending Pic:210x156C;




This polar bear cub is a winner of the 2022 Sony World
Photography Awards. ...

Sending Pic:165x204C;


A walk-through kaleidoscope tunnel at a technology conference in
Saudi Arabia. ...

Sending Pic:210x117C;

Kristin Skaslien of Team Norway competes during the curling mixed
doubles round robin at Beijing's National Aquatics Center ahead
of the opening of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics. ...

Sending Pic:210x143C;

A resident walks past a lantern on display during the fourth day
of the Lunar New Year in New Taipei City.

Sending Pic:184x195C;

P Street NW at night in Washington DC.

Sending Pic:305x202;

Sunset at Folly Beach County Park near Chareleston, South
Carolina. ...

Sending Pic:209x112C;

This week's painting is Die Füchse (Foxes) (1913) by Franz Marc.
It is expected to fetch around £35 million ($46.8 million) at a
Christie's auction in March. ...

Sending Pic:158x211C;

Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 ...


RSID: <<2022-02-11T00:58Z MFSK-32 @ 9265000+1500>>




This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 ...


Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or

I'm Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave





   Closing music SWRG#243:

   Elza da Conceição Soares (née Gomes; 23 June 1930 – 20 January 2022)  (known professionally as Elza Soares)






 D-06193 Petersberg (Germany/Germania)


 Dipol for 40m-Band    &   Boomerang Antenna 11m-Band

 RX   for  RF:

 FRG-100B + IF-mixer  &    ICOM IC-R75 + IF-mixer

 Software IF:

 con STUDIO1  -  Software italiano per SDR     [S-AM-USB/LSB]   +     beta 11  Version 2.80 (August 21, 2018)  - for scheduled IF-recording

 Software AF:

 Fldigi-4.0.18        +   flmsg-4.0.7                            images-fldigifiles on homedrive.lnk


 German XP-SP3 with support for asian languages

 German W7 32bit + 64bit


 MEDION Titanium 8008  (since 2003)   [ P4 - 2,6 GHz]

 MSI-CR70-2MP345W7  (since2014)   [i5 -P3560 ( 2 x 2,6GHz) ]




RSID: <<2022-02-13T01:30Z MFSK-64 @ 5960000+1500>>


Sérgio Mendes of Brasil '66 etc was born born February 11, 1941.

Sending Pic:175x257;

Please report your decode to




RSID: <<2022-02-10T02:47Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>



This Is A Music Show #152
03 February 2022

0200-0300UTC Thursday on 5850 kHz

via WRMI, Okeechobee USA


TIAnExpressMS w/ Radio Northern Europe International
via Channel 292 in Germany, mainly on 6070 kHz.

Broadcast various dates/times/freqs. Check the schedule here:



The Waikiki's - Tahiti Tamoure


E.G. Smith And the Power - Her Own Life
Elephant's Memory - Mongoose
Eddie Stapleton - Well, I'm Weak


Lalo Schifrin - Agnus Dei
Marie Laforêt - Viens
The Arbors - The Letter


Rational Youth - In Your Eyes
Inner City - Do You Love What You Feel (Juan Atkins EDIT)


Ken Lazarus - Girl (Tell Me What To Do)
Little John - True Connection VERSION


Ramsey Lewis - Jade East


THIS DATA w/ Bert Kaempfert - Las Vegas


Sue Winford - What A Fool, What A Fool


TIAMS Website:

Go here for show archives + official shop!


Please send reception reports/comments:

Follow TIAMS on Twitter:


Thanks for listening!






RSID: <<2022-02-10T02:48Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>

Sending Pic:300x300Cp4;